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Historic Handbook of the Northern Tour   By: (1823-1893)

Historic Handbook of the Northern Tour by Francis Parkman

First Page:

HISTORIC HANDBOOK

OF THE

NORTHERN TOUR.

[Illustration: WOLFE.

Aged 32.]

HISTORIC HANDBOOK

OF THE

NORTHERN TOUR.

LAKES GEORGE AND CHAMPLAIN; NIAGARA; MONTREAL; QUEBEC.

BY

FRANCIS PARKMAN.

BOSTON: LITTLE, BROWN, AND COMPANY. 1899.

Copyright, 1885 , By Francis Parkman.

University Press: John Wilson and Son, Cambridge.

This book is a group of narratives of the most striking events of our colonial history connected with the principal points of interest to the tourist visiting Canada and the northern borders of the United States.

The narratives are drawn, with the addition of explanatory passages, from "The Conspiracy of Pontiac," "Pioneers of France in the New World," "The Jesuits in North America," "Count Frontenac," and "Montcalm and Wolfe."

Boston, 1 April, 1885.

CONTENTS.

LAKE GEORGE AND LAKE CHAMPLAIN.

PAGE

Discovery of Lake Champlain 3

Discovery of Lake George 9

Battle of Lake George 16

A Winter Raid 40

Siege and Massacre of Fort William Henry 45

Battle of Ticonderoga 65

A Legend of Ticonderoga 86

NIAGARA.

Siege of Fort Niagara 93

Massacre of the Devil's Hole 98

MONTREAL.

The Birth of Montreal 105

QUEBEC.

Infancy of Quebec 123

A Military Mission 128

Massachusetts Attacks Quebec 134

The Heights of Abraham 154

LAKE GEORGE AND LAKE CHAMPLAIN.

DISCOVERY OF LAKE CHAMPLAIN.

This beautiful lake owes its name to Samuel de Champlain, the founder of Quebec. In 1609, long before the Pilgrim Fathers landed at Plymouth, he joined a band of Huron and Algonquin warriors on an expedition against their enemies, the Iroquois, since known as the Five Nations of New York. While gratifying his own love of adventure, he expected to make important geographical discoveries.

After a grand war dance at the infant settlement of Quebec, the allies set out together. Champlain was in a boat, carrying, besides himself, eleven men, chief among whom were one Marais and a pilot named La Routte, all armed with the arquebuse, a species of firearm shorter than the musket, and therefore better fitted for the woods.

They ascended the St. Lawrence and entered the Richelieu, which forms the outlet of Lake Champlain. Here, to Champlain's great disappointment, he found his farther progress barred by the rapids at Chambly, though the Indians had assured him that his boat could pass all the way unobstructed. He told them that though they had deceived him, he would not abandon them, sent Marais with the boat and most of the men back to Quebec, and, with two who offered to follow him, prepared to go on in the Indian canoes.

The warriors lifted their canoes from the water, and in long procession through the forest, under the flickering sun and shade, bore them on their shoulders around the rapids to the smooth stream above. Here the chiefs made a muster of their forces, counting twenty four canoes and sixty warriors. All embarked again, and advanced once more, by marsh, meadow, forest, and scattered islands, then full of game, for it was an uninhabited land, the war path and battle ground of hostile tribes. The warriors observed a certain system in their advance. Some were in front as a vanguard; others formed the main body; while an equal number were in the forests on the flanks and rear, hunting for the subsistence of the whole; for, though they had a provision of parched maize pounded into meal, they kept it for use when, from the vicinity of the enemy, hunting should become impossible.

Still the canoes advanced, the river widening as they went. Great islands appeared, leagues in extent: Isle à la Motte, Long Island, Grande Isle... Continue reading book >>




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