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History of American Socialisms   By: (1811-1886)

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E text prepared by Fritz Ohrenschall and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team (http://www.pgdp.net)

Transcriber's Note: Inconsistent hyphenation and spelling in the original document have been preserved. Obvious typographical errors have been corrected. For a complete list, please see the end of this document.

HISTORY OF AMERICAN SOCIALISMS.

by

JOHN HUMPHREY NOYES.

This is an exact reprint of the scarce 1870 edition

This edition Limited to 500 Copies

PREFACE.

The object of this book is to help the study of Socialism by the inductive method. It is, first and chiefly, a collection of facts; and the attempts at interpretation and generalization which are interspersed, are secondary and not intentionally dogmatic.

It is certainly high time that Socialists should begin to take lessons from experience; and for this purpose, that they should chasten their confidence in flattering theories, and turn their attention to actual events.

This country has been from the beginning, and especially for the last forty years, a laboratory in which Socialisms of all kinds have been experimenting. It may safely be assumed that Providence has presided over the operations, and has taken care to make them instructive. The disasters of Owenism and Fourierism have not been in vain; the successes of the Shakers and Rappites have not been set before us for nothing. We may hope to learn something from every experiment.

The author, having had unusual advantages for observing the Socialistic movements, and especial good fortune in obtaining collections of observations made by others, has deemed it his duty to devote a year to the preparation of this history.

As no other systematic account of American Socialisms exists, the facts here collected, aside from any interpretation of them, may be valuable to the student of history, and entertaining to the general reader.

The present issue may be considered a proof sheet, as carefully corrected as it can be by individual, vigilance. It is hoped that it will call out from experts in Socialism and others, corrections and additions that will improve it for future editions.

Wallingford, Conn., December, 1869.

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER PAGE

I. INTRODUCTION 1

II. BIRDS EYE VIEW 10

III. THEORY OF NATIONAL EXPERIENCE 21

IV. NEW HARMONY 30

V. INQUEST ON NEW HARMONY 44

VI. YELLOW SPRINGS COMMUNITY 59

VII. NASHOBA 66

VIII. SEVEN EPITAPHS 73

IX. OWEN'S GENERAL CAREER 81

X. CONNECTING LINKS 93

XI. CHANNING'S BROOK FARM 102

XII. HOPEDALE 119

XIII. THE RELIGIOUS COMMUNITIES 133

XIV. THE NORTHAMPTON ASSOCIATION 154

XV. THE SKANEATELES COMMUNITY 161

XVI. SOCIAL ARCHITECTS 181

XVII. FUNDAMENTALS OF SOCIALISM 193

XVIII. LITERATURE OF FOURIERISM 200

XIX. THE PERSONNEL OF FOURIERISM 211

XX... Continue reading book >>




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