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A History of Germany From the Earliest Times to the Present Day   By: (1825-1878)

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HISTORY OF GERMANY

FROM THE EARLIEST TIMES TO THE PRESENT DAY

BY BAYARD TAYLOR

WITH AN ADDITIONAL CHAPTER BY MARIE HANSEN TAYLOR

NEW YORK D. APPLETON AND COMPANY 1897

COPYRIGHT, 1874, 1893, BY D. APPLETON AND COMPANY.

ELECTROTYPED AND PRINTED AT THE APPLETON PRESS, U. S. A.

PREFACE.

When I assented to the request of the publishers that I would edit a new edition of the History of Germany, and write an additional chapter finishing the work down to the present date, I was fully aware of both my own shortcomings and the difficulty of the task. That I undertook it, nevertheless, is because I was strongly tempted to perform what I considered, in my case, an act of piety. Being naturally familiar with the aim and style of this book, I have tried to compile a new chapter in the simple narrative fashion by which the History has commended itself to its readers.

In his "Introductory Words" to the original edition the author says: "The History of Germany is not the history of a nation, but of a race. It has little unity, therefore it is complicated, broken, and attached on all sides to the histories of other countries. In its earlier periods it covers the greater part of Europe, and does not return exclusively to Germany until after France, Spain, England and the Italian States have been founded. Thus, even before the fall of the Roman Empire, it becomes the main trunk out of which branch the histories of nearly all European nations, and must of necessity be studied as the connecting link between ancient and modern history. The records of no other race throw so much light upon the development of all civilized lands during a period of fifteen hundred years.

"My aim has been to present a clear, continuous narrative, omitting no episode of importance, yet preserving a distinct line of connection from century to century. Besides referring to all the best authorities, I have based my labors mainly upon three recent German works that of Dittmar, as the fullest; of Von Rochau, as the most impartial; and of Dr. David Müller, as the most readable. By constructing an entirely new narrative from these, compressing the material into less than half the space which each occupies, and avoiding the interruptions and changes by which all are characterized, I hope to have made this History convenient and acceptable to our schools."

The book is, indeed, eminently fitted for use in the higher grades of schools. But the scope, comprehensiveness, and style of the work make it in no less a degree inviting and attractive to the general reader.

The material for the preparation of the additional chapter was difficult of access, since the history of the last twenty years is on record chiefly in monographs and in the public press. The best guide I have found is the "Politische Geschichte der Gegenwart," by Prof. Wilhelm Müller. The author of the present book was fortunate in being able to close it with the glorious events of the years 1870 to 1871, and the birth of the new Empire. The additional chapter has no such ending. It deals with the beginning of a new era, and has to state facts, with an eye to their results in the future.

MARIE HANSEN TAYLOR.

NEW YORK, 1893 .

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER PAGE

I. THE ANCIENT GERMANS AND THEIR COUNTRY. (330 B. C. 70 B. C.) 1

II. THE WARS OF ROME WITH THE GERMANS. (70 B. C. 9 A. D.) 10

III. HERMANN, THE FIRST GERMAN LEADER. (9 21 A. D.) 19

IV. GERMANY DURING THE FIRST THREE CENTURIES OF OUR ERA. (21 300 A. D.) 28

V. THE RISE AND MIGRATIONS OF THE GOTHS. (300 412.) 37

VI. THE INVASION OF THE HUNS, AND ITS CONSEQUENCES. (412 472... Continue reading book >>




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