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A History of Pantomime   By:

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First Page:

A HISTORY OF PANTOMIME

by

R. J. BROADBENT

Author of "STAGE WHISPERS," etc.

LONDON:

TO

WILLIAM WADE, ESQUIRE.

This book is dedicated as a small token of the Author's esteem and regard.

R.J.B.

PREFACE.

One of the most important factors in the making of Theatrical History has been that of Pantomime, yet in many of the published works dealing with the History of the Stage it has, with the exception of a passing reference here and there, been much neglected.

It is with a view of conveying to the reading public some little, and, perhaps, new information about this ancient form of entertainment that I am tempted to issue this History of Pantomime in the hope and belief that it may not only prove interesting, but also instructive, to all lovers of the Stage.

R.J.B.

Liverpool, December, 1901.

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER I.

Origin of Pantomime

CHAPTER II.

Origin of Tragedy and Comedy Mythology The meaning of the word Pantomime The origin of Harlequin, Columbine, Clown, and Pantaloon Grecian Mythology Transformation Scenes The rise of Grecian Tragedy and Comedy The Satirical Drama

CHAPTER III.

The origin of the Indian Drama Aryan Mythology Clown and Columbine Origin of the Chinese Drama Inception of the Japanese Drama The Siamese Drama Dramatic performances of the South Sea Islanders, Peruvians, Aztecs, Zulus, and Fijis The Egyptian Drama

CHAPTER IV.

"Dancing," i.e. Pantomime Grecian Dancing and Pantomimic Scenes Aristotle Homer Dances common to both Greeks and Romans

CHAPTER V.

Thespis The Progress of Tragedy and Comedy Aeschylus The Epopée Homer Sophocles Euripides Grecian Mimes The First Athenian Theatre Scenery and Effects

CHAPTER VI.

Roman Theatres Description "Deadheads" Pantomime in Italy Livius Andronicus Fabulae Atellanae Extemporal Comedy Origin of the Masque, Opera, and Vaudeville Origin of the term Histrionic Etruscans Popularity of Pantomime in Italy Pantomimists banished by Trajan Nero as a Mime Pylades and Bathyllus Subjects chosen for the Roman Pantomimes The Ballet The Mimi and Pantomimi Archimimus Vespasian Harlequin "Mr. Punch" Zany, how the word originated Ancient Masks Lucian, Cassiodorus, and Demetrius in praise of Pantomime A celebrated Mima Pantomimes denounced by early writers The purity of the English stage contrasted with that of the Grecian and Roman Female parts on the Grecian and Roman stages The principal Roman Mimas The origin of the Clown of the early English Drama

CHAPTER VII.

Introduction of the Roman Pantomimic Art into Britain First English reference to the word Pantomime The fall of the Roman Empire The sacred play Cornish Amphitheatres Pantomimical and Lyrical elements in the sacrifice of the Mass Christian banishment of the Mimis Penalties imposed by the Church St. Anthony on Harlequin and Punch Vandenhoff what we owe to the Mimis

CHAPTER VIII.

Pantomime in the English Mystery or Miracle Plays and Pageants A retrospect of the Early Drama Mysteries on Biblical events Chester, Coventry, York, and Towneley Mystery Plays Plays in Churches Traces of the Mystery Play in England in the Nineteenth Century Mystery Plays on the Continent The Chester series of Plays The Devil or Clown and the Exodiarii and Emboliariae of the Ancient Mimes

CHAPTER IX.

The Clown or Fool of the early English Drama Moralities The Interlude The rise of English Tragedy and Comedy "Dumb Shews" in the Old Plays Plays suppressed by Elizabeth A retrospect

CHAPTER X.

The Italian Masque The Masque in England First appearance in this country of Harlequin Joe Haines as Harlequin Marlowe's "Faustus" A Curious Play The Italian Harlequin Colley Cibber, Penkethman Shakespeare's Burlesques of the Masque Decline of the Masque

CHAPTER XI.

Italian Pantomime Riccoboni Broom's "Antipodes" Gherardi Extemporal Comedies Salvator Rosa Impromptu Acting

CHAPTER XII.

Pantomimical Characters Neapolitan Pantomime The Harlequin Family The Original Characters in the Italian Pantomimes Celebrated Harlequins Italian and French Harlequins A French view of the English Clown Pierrots' origin Pantaloon, how the name has been derived Columbine Marionette and Puppet Shows

CHAPTER XIII... Continue reading book >>




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