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The History of Roman Literature From the earliest period to the death of Marcus Aurelius   By: (1847-1911)

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A HISTORY OF ROMAN LITERATURE: FROM THE EARLIEST PERIOD TO THE DEATH OF MARCUS AURELIUS

BY CHARLES THOMAS CRUTTWELL, M.A.

TO THE VENERABLE J. A. HESSEY, D.O.L ARCHDEACON OF MIDDLESEX, THIS WORK IS AFFECTIONATELY INSCRIBED BY HIS FORMER PUPIL, THE AUTHOR.

PREFACE.

The present work is designed mainly for Students at our Universities and Public Schools, and for such as are preparing for the Indian Civil Service or other advanced Examinations. The author hopes, however, that it may also be acceptable to some of those who, without being professed scholars, are yet interested in the grand literature of Rome, or who wish to refresh their memory on a subject that perhaps engrossed their early attention, but which the many calls of advancing life have made it difficult to pursue.

All who intend to undertake a thorough study of the subject will turn to Teuffel's admirable History, without which many chapters in the present work could not have attained completeness; but the rigid severity of that exhaustive treatise makes it fitter for a book of reference for scholars than for general reading even among students. The author, therefore, trusts he may be pardoned for approaching the History of Roman Literature from a more purely literary point of view, though at the same time without sacrificing those minute and accurate details without which criticism loses half its value. The continual references to Teuffel's work, excellently translated by Dr. W. Wagner, will bear sufficient testimony to the estimation in which the author holds it, and the obligations which he here desires to acknowledge.

He also begs to express his thanks to Mr. John Wordsworth, of B. N. C., Oxford, for many kind suggestions, as well as for courteous permission to make use of his Fragments and Specimens of Early Latin ; to Mr. H. A. Redpath, of Queen's College, Oxford, for much valuable assistance in correction of the proofs, preparation of the index, and collation of references, and to his brother, Mr. W. H. G. Cruttwell, for verifying citations from the post Augustan poets.

To enumerate all the sources to which the present Manual is indebted would occupy too much space here, but a few of the more important may be mentioned. Among German writers, Bernhardy and Ritter among French, Boissier, Champagny, Diderot, and Nisard have been chiefly used. Among English scholars, the works of Dunlop, Conington, Ellis, and Munro, have been consulted, and also the History of Roman Literature , reprinted from the Encyclopaedia Metropolitana , a work to which frequent reference is made, and which, in fact, suggested the preparation of the present volume.

It is hoped that the Chronological Tables, as well as the list of Editions recommended for use, and the Series of Test Questions appended, will materially assist the Student.

OXFORD, November , 1877.

CONTENTS.

INTRODUCTION.

Roman and Greek Literature have their periods of study Influence of each Exactness of Latin language Greek origin of Latin literature Its three great periods: (1) The Ante Classical Period; (2) The Golden Age; (3) The Decline.

BOOK I

FROM LIVIUS ANDRONICUS TO SULLA (240 80 B.C.).

CHAPTER I.

On the Earliest Remains of the Latin Language.

Early inhabitants of Italy Italic dialects Latin Latin alphabet Later innovations Pronunciation Spelling Early Monuments Song of Fratres Arvales Salian Hymn Law of Romulus Laws of Twelve Tables Treaty between Rome and Carthage Columna Rastrata Epitaphs of the Scipios Senatus Consultum de Bacchanalibus Break up of the language.

APPENDIX. Examples of late corrupted dialects

CHAPTER II.

On the Beginnings of Roman Literature.

The Latin character Romans a practical people Their religion unromantic Primitive culture of Latium Germs of drama and epos No early historians Early speeches Ballad literature No early Roman epos Poets despised Fescenninae Saturae Mime or Planipes Atellanae Saturnian metre Early interest in politics and law as giving the germs of oratory and jurisprudence... Continue reading book >>




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