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The History of Rome, Book II From the Abolition of the Monarchy in Rome to the Union of Italy   By: (1817-1903)

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From the Abolition of the Monarchy in Rome to the Union of Italy



Translated with the Sanction of the Author


William Purdie Dickson, D.D., LL.D. Professor of Divinity in the University of Glasgow

A New Edition Revised Throughout and Embodying Recent Additions

Preparer's Note

This work contains many literal citations of and references to foreign words, sounds, and alphabetic symbols drawn from many languages, including Gothic and Phoenician, but chiefly Latin and Greek. This English Gutenberg edition, constrained to the characters of 7 bit ASCII code, adopts the following orthographic conventions:

1) Except for Greek, all literally cited non English words that do not refer to texts cited as academic references, words that in the source manuscript appear italicized, are rendered with a single preceding, and a single following dash; thus, xxxx .

2) Greek words, first transliterated into Roman alphabetic equivalents, are rendered with a preceding and a following double dash; thus, xxxx . Note that in some cases the root word itself is a compound form such as xxx xxxx, and is rendered as xxx xxx

3) Simple unideographic references to vocalic sounds, single letters, or alphabeic dipthongs; and prefixes, suffixes, and syllabic references are represented by a single preceding dash; thus, x, or xxx.

4) Ideographic references, referring to signs of representation rather than to content, are represented as "id:xxxx" . "id:" stands for "ideograph", and indicates that the reader should form a picture based on the following "xxxx"; which may be a single symbol, a word, or an attempt at a picture composed of ASCII characters. For example, "id:GAMMA gamma" indicates an uppercase Greek gamma form followed by the form in lowercase. Some such exotic parsing as this is necessary to explain alphabetic development because a single symbol may have been used for a number of sounds in a number of languages, or even for a number of sounds in the same language at different times. Thus, "id:GAMMA gamma" might very well refer to a Phoenician construct that in appearance resembles the form that eventually stabilized as an uppercase Greek "gamma" juxtaposed to one of lowercase. Also, a construct such as "id:E" indicates a symbol that with ASCII resembles most closely a Roman uppercase "E", but, in fact, is actually drawn more crudely.

5) Dr. Mommsen has given his dates in terms of Roman usage, A.U.C.; that is, from the founding of Rome, conventionally taken to be 753 B. C. The preparer of this document, has appended to the end of each volume a table of conversion between the two systems.


BOOK II: From the Abolition of the Monarchy in Rome to the Union of Italy


I. Change of the Constitution Limitation of the Power of the Magistrate

II. The Tribunate of the Plebs and the Decemvirate

III. The Equalization of the Orders, and the New Aristocracy

IV. Fall of the Etruscan Power the Celts

V. Subjugation of the Latins and Campanians by Rome

VI. Struggle of the Italians against Rome

VII. Struggle Between Pyrrhus and Rome, and Union of Italy

VIII. Law Religion Military System Economic Condition Nationality

IX. Art and Science


From the Abolition of the Monarchy in Rome to the Union of Italy

dei ouk ekpleittein ton suggraphea terateuomenon dia teis iotopias tous entugchanontas.



Change of the Constitution Limitation of the Power of the Magistrate

Political and Social Distinctions in Rome

The strict conception of the unity and omnipotence of the state in all matters pertaining to it, which was the central principle of the Italian constitutions, placed in the hands of the single president nominated for life a formidable power, which was felt doubtless by the enemies of the land, but was not less heavily felt by its citizens... Continue reading book >>

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