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How to See the British Museum in Four Visits   By: (1826-1884)

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First Page:

HOW TO SEE THE BRITISH MUSEUM IN FOUR VISITS

by

W. BLANCHARD JERROLD

London

1852

CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION

VISIT THE FIRST

SOUTHERN ZOOLOGICAL ROOM. Hoofed Animals: Giraffe; Walrus; Rhinoceros; Buffalo; Antelope.

SOUTHERN ZOOLOGICAL GALLERY. Hoofed Animals: Wild Ox; Hippopotamus; Elephant; Llama; Bison; Armadillo; Deer.

MAMMALIA SALOON. Bears; Monkeys; Cat Tribe; Dog Family; Bear Tribe; Mole Tribe; Marsupial Animals; Seal Tribe; Corals

EASTERN ZOOLOGICAL GALLERY. Birds of Prey; Perching Birds; Scraping Birds; Wading Birds; Web footed Birds.

NORTHERN ZOOLOGICAL GALLERY. Bats; Reptiles; Serpents; Tortoises; Crocodiles; Frogs.

BRITISH ZOOLOGICAL ROOM. Carnivorous Beasts; Glirine Beasts; Hoofed Beasts; Insectivorous Beasts; British Reptiles; British Fish.

NORTHERN ZOOLOGICAL GALLERY (continued) . Spiny finned Fishes; Soft finned Fishes; Cartilaginous Fishes; Sponges; Shell fish; The Beetle Tribe; Butterflies and Moths.

EASTERN ZOOLOGICAL GALLERY. Star fish; Sea eggs; Shells.

VISIT THE SECOND

NORTHERN MINERAL AND FOSSIL GALLERY. Fossil Vegetables; Minerals; Fossil Animals; Fossil Fishes; Fossil Mammalia.

THE EGYPTIAN ROOM. Human Mummies; Animal Mummies; Sepulchral Ornaments; Egyptian Deities; Sacred Animals; Household Objects; Tools; Musical Instruments; Toys; Textile Fabrics.

THE BRONZE ROOM. Greek and Roman Bronzes.

ETRUSCAN ROOM. Etruscan Vases

ETHNOGRAPHICAL ROOM. Chinese Curiosities; Indian Curiosities; African Curiosities; American Curiosities

VISIT THE THIRD

EGYPTIAN SALOON. Egyptian Sculpture; Egyptian Coffins; Egyptian Tombstones; Sepulchral Vases; Human Statues; Egyptian Sphinxes; Egyptian Frescoes.

THE LYCIAN ROOM. Lycian Tombs; Lycian Sculpture.

THE NIMROUD ROOM. Assyrian Sculpture.

VISIT THE FOURTH

Townley Sculpture; Antiquities of Britain.

PHIGALEIAN SALOON. Battle with the Amazons.

ELGIN SALOON. Elgin Marbles; Metopes of the Parthenon; Eastern Frieze; Northern Frieze; Western Frieze; Southern Frieze; Eastern Pediment; Western Pediment; Temple of the Erectheum; Temple of Theseus; Lantern of Demosthenes.

CONCLUSION

INTRODUCTION.

The money to found a British Museum was raised by a lottery in the middle of the last century. Sir Hans Sloane having offered his books and museum of natural history to Parliament, for less than half its value (20,000£.), it was purchased, together with the famous Harleian and Cottonian MSS., and deposited in Montague House, Bloomsbury, which had been bought of the Earl of Halifax, for the sum of 10,250£. Of the present British Museum this beginning forms a very insignificant part. The nucleus was established however; and soon eminent men, who valued their literary and scientific collections as storehouses that should be accessible to all classes of students, began to turn their attention to the collections in Montague House. Foremost among the donors George the Second should be mentioned, as having made over to the nation the royal library, together with the right of demanding a copy of every book entered at Stationers' Hall. Successively, the libraries of Sir Joseph Banks, Dr. Birch, Sir John Hawkins, Dr. Burney and Garrick, and the Royal, Arundel, Lansdowne, Bridgewater, and other MSS. were added to the great store. Captain Cook returned home with additions to the museum of natural history; Sir William Hamilton's collection of vases was purchased in 1772; the spoils of Abercrombie's Egyptian campaign enriched the museum with some fine Egyptian antiquities; grants of money secured the Townley marbles, the Phigalian sculptures, and at last the Elgin marbles; and of late, the accessions to the vast collection, including Layard's treasures, the Xanthian marbles, fossils, birds, curiosities, from the frozen seas, China, the solitudes of Central Africa, and other remote places, where scientific men have been of late prosecuting their studies have been received... Continue reading book >>




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