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Illuminated Manuscripts   By: (1830-1916)

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First Page:

Illuminated Manuscripts

John Bradley

BRACKEN BOOKS LONDON

CONTENTS

BOOK I

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTORY

What is meant by art? The art faculty How artists may be compared The aim of illumination Distinction between illumination and miniature Definition of illumination The first miniature painter Origin of the term "miniature" Ovid's allusion to his little book.

CHAPTER II

VELLUM AND OTHER MATERIALS

Difference between vellum and parchment Names of different preparations The kinds of vellum most prized for illuminated books The "parcheminerie" of the Abbey of Cluny Origin of the term "parchment" Papyrus.

CHAPTER III

WRITING

Its different styles Origin of Western alphabets Various forms of letters Capitals, uncials, etc. Texts used in Western Europe Forms of ancient writings The roll, or volume The codex Tablets Diptychs, etc. The square book How different sizes of books were produced.

CHAPTER IV

GREEK AND ROMAN ILLUMINATION

The first miniature painter The Vatican Vergils Methods of painting Origin of Christian art The Vienna Genesis The Dioscorides The Byzantine Revival.

CHAPTER V

BYZANTINE ILLUMINATION

The rebuilding of the city of Byzantium the beginning of Byzantine art Justinian's fondness for building and splendour Description of Paul the Silentiary Sumptuous garments The Gospel book of Hormisdas Characteristics of Byzantine work Comparative scarcity of examples Rigidity of Byzantine rules of art Periods of Byzantine art Examples Monotony and lifelessness of the style.

CHAPTER VI

CELTIC ILLUMINATION

Early liturgical books reflect the ecclesiastical art of their time This feature a continuous characteristic of illumination down to the latest times Elements of Celtic ornament Gospels of St. Chad Durham Gospels Contrast of Celtic and Byzantine St. Columba Book of Kells Details of its decoration.

CHAPTER VII

CELTIC ILLUMINATION continued

The Iona Gospels Contrast with Roman and Byzantine Details Treatment of animal forms Colour schemes The Gospel book of St. Columbanus That of Mael Brith Mac Durnan The Lindisfarne Gospels Cumdachs Other book shrines.

CHAPTER VIII

SEMI BARBARIC ILLUMINATION

Visigothic Merovingian Lombardic Extinction of classic art Splendid reign of Dagobert St. Eloy of Noyon The Library of Laon Natural History of Isidore of Seville Elements of contemporary art Details of ornament Symbolism Luxeuil and Monte Cassino Sacramentary of Gellone "Prudentius" "Orosius" Value of the Sacramentary of Gellone.

CHAPTER IX

DEVELOPMENT OF THE INITIAL

The initial and initial paragraph the main object of decoration in Celtic illumination Study of the letter L as an example The I of "In principio" and the B of "Beatus Vir".

CHAPTER X

FIRST ENGLISH STYLES

Transition from Iona to Lindisfarne Influence of Frankish art The "Opus Anglicum" The Winchester school and its characteristics Whence obtained Method of painting Examples Where found and described.

CHAPTER XI

CAROLINGIAN ILLUMINATION

Why so called Works to be consulted The Library of St. Gall Rise and progress of Carolingian art Account of various MSS. Feature of the style Gospels of St. Sernin The Ada Codex Centres of production Other splendid examples The Alcuin Bible The Gospel of St. M├ędard of Soissons.

CHAPTER XII

MONASTIC ILLUMINATION

Introductory Monasteries and their work from the sixth to the ninth century The claustral schools Alcuin Warnefrid and Theodulf Clerics and monastics The Golden Age of monasticism The Order of St. Benedict Cistercian houses Other Orders Progress of writing in Carolingian times Division of labour.

CHAPTER XIII

MONASTIC ILLUMINATION continued

The copyist Gratuitous labour Last words of copyists Disputes between Cluny and Citeaux The Abbey of Cluny: its grandeur and influences Use of gold and purple vellum The more influential abbeys and their work in France, Germany, and the Netherlands... Continue reading book >>




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