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Indian Unrest   By: (1852-1929)

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First Page:

INDIAN UNREST

By

VALENTINE CHIROL

A Reprint, revised and enlarged, from "The Times," with an introduction by Sir Alfred Lyall

We have now, as it were, before us, in that vast congeries of peoples we call India, a long, slow march in uneven stages through all the centuries from the fifth to the twentieth.

VISCOUNT MORLEY.

MACMILLAN AND CO., LIMITED

ST. MARTIN'S STREET, LONDON

1910

DEDICATED BY PERMISSION

TO

VISCOUNT MORLEY

AS A TRIBUTE OF PRIVATE FRIENDSHIP AND PUBLIC RESPECT

CONTENTS

CHAPTER PAGE

INTRODUCTION. BY SIR ALFRED C. LYALL VII

I. A GENERAL SURVEY 1

II. SWARAJ ON THE PLATFORM AND IN THE PRESS 8

III. A HINDU REVIVAL 24

IV. BRAHMANISM AND DISAFFECTION IN THE DECCAN 37

V. POONA AND KOLHAPUR 64

VI. BENGAL BEFORE THE PARTITION 72

VII. THE STORM IN BENGAL 81

VIII. THE PUNJAB AND THE ARYA SAMAJ 106

IX. THE POSITION OF THE MAHOMEDANS 118

X. SOUTHERN INDIA 136

XI. REVOLUTIONARY ORGANIZATIONS OUTSIDE INDIA 145

XII. THE INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS 154

XIII. CONSTITUTIONAL REFORMS 162

XIV. THE DEPRESSED CASTES 176

XV. THE NATIVE STATES 185

XVI. CROSS CURRENTS 198

XVII. THE GROWTH OF WESTERN EDUCATION 207

XVIII. THE INDIAN STUDENT 216

XIX. SOME MEASURES OF EDUCATIONAL REFORM 229

XX. THE QUESTION OF RELIGIOUS EDUCATION 238

XXI. PRIMARY EDUCATION 246

XXII. SWADESHI AND ECONOMIC PROGRESS 254

XXIII. THE FINANCIAL AND FISCAL RELATIONS BETWEEN INDIA AND GREAT BRITAIN 271

XXIV. THE POSITION OF INDIANS IN THE EMPIRE 280

XXV. SOCIAL AND OFFICIAL RELATIONS 288

XXVI. THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA 306

XXVII. CONCLUSIONS 319

NOTES 335

INDEX 361

The numerals above the line in the body of the book refer to notes at the end of the volume.

INTRODUCTION.

BY SIR ALFRED C. LYALL.

The volume into which Mr. Valentine Chirol has collected and republished his valuable series of articles in The Times upon Indian unrest is an important and very instructive contribution to the study of what is probably the most arduous problem in the politics of our far reaching Empire. His comprehensive survey of the whole situation, the arrangement of evidence and array of facts, are not unlike what might have been found in the Report of a Commission appointed to investigate the causes and the state of affairs to which the troubles that have arisen in India may be ascribed.

At different times in the world's history the nations foremost in civilization have undertaken the enterprise of founding a great European dominion in Asia, and have accomplished it with signal success. The Macedonian Greeks led the way; they were followed by the Romans; and in both instances their military superiority and organizing genius enabled them to subdue and govern for centuries vast populations in Western Asia. European science and literature flourished in the great cities of the East, where the educated classes willingly accepted and supported foreign rulership as their barrier against a relapse into barbarism; nor have we reason for believing that it excited unusual discontent or disaffection among the Asiatic peoples. But the Greek and Roman Empires in Asia have disappeared long ago, leaving very little beyond scattered ruins; and in modern times it is the British dominion in India that has revived and is pursuing the enterprise of ruling and civilizing a great Asiatic population, of developing the political intelligence and transforming the ideas of an antique and, in some respects, a primitive society... Continue reading book >>




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