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Instruction book on ring spinning   By:

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/$ Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1885, By FRANCIS L. LINCOLN, In the Office of the Librarian of Congress at Washington. $/


The object of this little book is to give help and instruction to those who are engaged in this department of mill work. It imparts that knowledge which only years of thorough study and observation can give. It has been carefully prepared by an experienced Spinner, who has given years of study to it, in order to benefit and help those who are interested in the Spinning department.

/$ FRANCIS L. LINCOLN, Author. $/


/$ 1. The First Thing to do when going into a strange room to take charge.

2. To see that your Draughts, Twists and Travelers are right, etc.

3. How to pack Yarn closely on the Bobbin.

4. To see that your Thread Guides are

5. About Spindles, Rings, and Steel Rolls.

6. How Top Rolls should be kept in order to make good yarn weight on top rolls, etc.

7. Bands; how they should be run, etc.

8. What to do when you have long staple Cotton.

9. What Twists should be in the hank roving, and why.

10. How Roving should be when run double, and how to get it single.

11. How to run colored Roving double on spinning frames.

12. How Waste should be run through the lappers, etc.

13. How to prove that uneven work is not made on Spinning Frames.

14. How bunches can be made on Spinning Frames and Spoolers.

15. How coarse threads are made.

16. Caution to be observed in changing from one number of yarn to another.

17. What to do when Cotton is poor.

18. Why it is cheaper for the Company to wind the yarn hard on the bobbins and spools.

19. If yarn is knitted, where the trouble is.

20. How snarled yarn is made, etc.

21. How to avoid making lap waste in spinning room.

22. How to avoid making roving waste in spinning room.

23. When wastes should be picked up.

24. What the draught change gear should be, when you run colored work.

25. System in doffing the frames and gauge to go by.

26. How to get speed of cylinder and spindles.

27. To know what pulley will drive your cylinder faster or slower.

28. How to take up a belt or let it out, when you change pulleys.

29. Rule for finding what number of twists to the inch for any number of yarn.

30. Square Root of numbers, from 18 to 30, with twist.

31. The rule for finding the draught for any number of yarn.

32. The gear required to run another number on the same hank roving.

33. The hank roving required to run another number of yarn with same draught.

34. Rule to find the draught change gear required, when changing from one number to another on a frame or mule, when the draught and roving both have to be altered.

35. How to find the twist gear by square root of the number.

36. How to get twist pulley for another number of yarn.

37. How to get the exact twist in yarn.

38. How to get the weight on top rolls.

39. Square Root table for the twist of yarn. $/



1. The first thing to do when going into a strange room to take charge, is to learn the names and dispositions of your help, and their ability. By doing this it will save you some trouble. Do not turn off help the first day you go into a room to take charge. Get the good will of your help and keep them; and when they learn your ways and know you mean just what you say, every thing will be pleasant for them and you also.


2. To see that your Draughts, Twists and Travelers are right for the numbers of yarns you are spinning. Travelers govern the twist. When the bobbins are full there is more twist in than when it first starts. Have them heavy enough to keep the ends straight... Continue reading book >>

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