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Iranian Influence on Moslem Literature, Part I   By: (1876-1941)

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First Page:

IRANIAN INFLUENCE ON MOSLEM LITERATURE, PART I

by

M. INOSTRANZEV

TRANSLATED FROM THE RUSSIAN, WITH SUPPLEMENTARY APPENDICES FROM ARABIC SOURCES BY G. K. NARIMAN

1918

GENERAL CONTENTS.

CHAPTER I. Arabic Writers as Sources of Sasanian Culture 3

CHAPTER II. Parsi Clergy Preserve Tradition 25

CHAPTER III. Ethico didactic Books of Arabs Exclusively of Iranian Origin 38

CHAPTER IV. Iranian Components of Arabic Adab Literature 53

CHAPTER V. Pahlavi Books Studied by Arab Authors 65

CHAPTER VI. Arab Translators from Pahlavi 76

CHAPTER VII. Pahlavi Rushnar Nameh 89

APPENDICES

(By the Translator).

APPENDIX I. Independent Zoroastrian Princes of Tabaristan after Arab Conquest 93

APPENDIX II. Iranian Material in Mahasin wal Masawi and Mahasin wal Azdad 101

APPENDIX III. Burzoe's Introduction 105

APPENDIX IV. The Trial of Afshin, a Disguised Zoroastrian General 135

APPENDIX V. Noeldeke's Introduction to Tabari 142

APPENDIX VI. Letter of Tansar to the King of Tabaristan 159

APPENDIX VII. Some Arab Authors and the Iranian Material they preserve:

The Uyunal Akhbar of Ibn Qotaiba 163 Jahiz: Kitab al Bayan wal Tabayyin 168 Hamza Ispahani 171 Tabari 174 Dinawari 177 Ibn al Athir 179 Masudi 182 Shahrastani 187 Ibn Hazm 192 Ibn Haukal 195

APPENDIX VIII.

Ibn Khallikan 199 Mustawfi 203 Muqadasi 204 Thaalibi 205

PREFACE

The facile notion is still prevalent even among Musalmans of learning that the past of Iran is beyond recall, that the period of its history preceding the extinction of the House of Sasan cannot be adequately investigated and that the still anterior dynasties which ruled vaster areas have left no traces in stone or parchment in sufficient quantity for a tolerable record reflecting the story of Iran from the Iranian's standpoint. This fallacy is particularly hugged by the Parsis among whom it was originally lent by fanaticism to indolent ignorance. It has been credited with uncritical alacrity, congenial to self complacency, that the Arabs so utterly and ruthlessly annihilated the civilization of Iran in its mental and material aspects that no source whatever is left from which to wring reliable information about Zoroastrian Iran. The following limited pages are devoted to a disproof of this age long error.

For a connected story of Persia prior to the battle of Kadisiya, beside the Byzantine writers there is abundant material in Armenian and Chinese histories. These mines remain yet all but unexplored for the Moslem and Parsi, although much has been done to extract from them a chronicle of early Christianity. The archaeology of Iran, as I have shown elsewhere, can provide vital clue to an authentic resuscitation of Sasanian past. Pre Moslem epigraphy of Persia is yet in little more than an inchoate condition. Not only all Central Asia but the territories marching with the Indian and Persian frontiers, where persecution of the elder faith could not have been relatively mild, the population professing Islam have been unable to abjure in their entirety rites and practices akin to those of Zoroastrianism... Continue reading book >>




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