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The Journal of Negro History, Volume 7, 1922   By:

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[Transcriber's Note: Every effort has been made to replicate this text as faithfully as possible, including obsolete and variant spellings and other inconsistencies. Text that has been changed to correct an obvious error is noted at the end of this ebook. Also, the transcriber added the Table of Contents.]




Volume VII


Table of Contents

Vol VII January, 1922 No. 1

Slave Society on the Southern Plantation FRANCES L. HUNTER Evolution of the Negro Baptist Church WALTER H. BROOKS Early Negro Education in West Virginia C. G. WOODSON First Negro Churches in Washington JOHN W. CROMWELL Documents Communications Book Reviews Notes Proceedings of Annual Meeting

Vol VII April, 1922 No. 2

Negro Congressmen a Generation After ALRUTHEUS A. TAYLOR Priority of the Silver Bluff Church WALTER H. BROOKS The Negroes in Mauritius A. F. FOKEER Documents Book Reviews Notes

Vol VII July, 1922 No. 3

The Anderson Fugitive Case FRED LANDON A Negro Senator G. DAVID HOUSTON Lincoln's Emancipation Plan HARRY S. BLACKISTON The Journal of Isaaco LOUIS N. FEIPEL Communications Documents Book Reviews Notes

Vol VII October, 1922 No. 4

Brazilian and United Status Slavery Compared HERBERT B. ALEXANDER Origins of Abolition in Santo Domingo GEORGE W. BROWN Canadian Negroes and the Rebellion of 1837 FRED LANDON Lott Cary, the Colonizing Missionary MILES MARK FISHER Communications Documents Book Reviews Notes






In the year 1619, memorable in the history of the United States, a Dutch trading vessel carried to the colonists of Virginia twenty Negroes from the West Indies and sold them as slaves, thus laying the foundation of slave society in the American colonies. In the seventeenth century slavery made but little progress in these parts of America, and during that whole period not more than twenty five thousand slaves were brought to the colonies to work in the tobacco and rice fields of the South or to serve as maids, butlers, and coachmen in the North. The eighteenth century, however, saw a rapid increase in slavery, until the census of 1790, much to the surprise of most observers, showed a slave population of 679,679 living in every State and territory of the country except Massachusetts and Maine.

With the extensive development of various industries in the colonies, slavery soon left the North and was used exclusively in the South. There are several reasons for this shift. In the first place, the colonies of the North were settled by people from the lower and middle classes, who had been accustomed to working for themselves and who thus had no use for slaves, while the South was settled largely by adventurers, who had never worked and who looked upon labor as dishonorable. In the second place, the North had a temperate climate in which any man could safely work, while the heat of the South was so intense that a white man endangered his life by working in it, whereas the Negro was protected by facility of acclimation. Another cause was the difference in soil. The soil of the South was favorable to the growth of cotton, tobacco, rice, and sugar, the cultivation of which crops required large forces of organized and concentrated labor, which the slaves supplied. On the other hand, the soil of the North favored the raising of cereals, which required neither organized nor concentrated labor; for one man working alone was able to produce more than one man working in a group: and thus slave labor was of little or no advantage to the North... Continue reading book >>

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