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The Lay of Havelok the Dane   By:

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[This text is intended for users whose text readers cannot use the "real" (Unicode/UTF 8) version of the file. Characters that could not be fully displayed have been "unpacked" and shown in brackets:

[Gh] [gh] yogh (only in notes) [w] wynn (only in notes, see below for italicized form) [s] [´æ] long "s", accented "æ" (both rare, only in notes) [ a] vowel with overline (rare) [oe] oe ligature

One Greek phrase has been transliterated and is shown between marks. The letter thorn Þ þ, used in both notes and body text, is unchanged.

The original book (EETS E.S. 4, 1868, ed. Skeat) exists in at least two forms. See Errata section at the end of the e text for details.

In the main text, footnotes are grouped at the end of text sections. Most headnotes have similarly been moved to the nearest break in the text. Sidenotes keep their original starting point, but are collected into full sentences.


Large initial capitals are shown with a single leading to avoid "breaking" the text:

Herknet to me, gode men Wiues, maydnes, and alle men ...

Italicized letters representing expanded contractions are shown in br{ac}es. All other italics are shown conventionally with lines ; this includes italicized w , used by the editor for wynn [w]. If you find the braces distracting you may delete them globally; they are not used for any other purpose.

A few French passages in the Preface use a trailing tilde ~, as in the word "q~". In the original, the ~ was attached to the preceding letter, but not directly above it. Superscript letters are shown with a caret ^.

Square brackets are in the original except those in standard formulas such as [Footnote] or [Transcriber's Note].]


Early English Text Society. Extra Series. No. IV. 1868.

Dublin: William McGee, 18, Nassau Street. Edinburgh: T. G. Stevenson, 22, South Frederick Street. Glasgow: Ogle & Co., 1, Royal Exchange Square. Berlin: Asher & Co., Unter den Linden, 20. New York: C. Scribner & Co.; Leypoldt & Holt. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co. Boston, U.S.: Dutton & Co.

The Lay of


Composed in the Reign of Edward I, about A.D. 1280.

Formerly Edited by Sir F. Madden for the Roxburghe Club,

And now Re Edited from the Unique Ms. Laud Misc. 108, in the Bodleian Library, Oxford;

by the


Author of "A M[oe]so Gothic Glossary," Editor of "Piers Plowman," "William of Palerne," &c.

[Illustration: Seal of Great Grimsby]

LONDON: Published For The Early English Text Society, By N. Trübner & Co., 60, Paternoster Row.


Extra Series, IV.

John Childs and Son, Printers.


TITLEPAGE. The engraving represents the seal of Great Grimsby, described in § 19 of the Preface, p. xxi.

PREFACE. § 1. The former edition of 1828. § 2. The present edition. § 3. Plan of this edition. § 4. Notices of the story by Early Writers: the longer French Version. § 5. The shorter French Version. § 6. Peter de Langtoft (1307). § 7. Rauf de Boun (1310). § 8. A Brief Genealogy, Herald's Coll. MS. (ab. 1310). § 9. Metrical Chronicle (ab. 1313). § 10. Robert of Brunne (1338); ed. Hearne. § 11. Robert of Brunne; Lambeth MS. § 12. French Prose "Brute" (1332). § 13. English Prose "Brute," MS. Harl. 2279. § 14. Gray's Scala Cronica (ab. 1360). § 15. Eulogium Historiarum (1366). § 16. Henry de Knyghton (1395); Warner (1586); Webster (1617). § 17. Danish traditions. § 18. Lincolnshire traditions. § 19. Seal of Great Grimsby. § 20. Sketch of the French "Lai." § 21. Gaimar's abridgment. § 22. Sketch of the English Lay. § 23. Possible date of Havelok's reign. § 24. Story of "Edwin of Deira." § 25. On the names "Curan" and "Havelok." § 26. Description of the MS... Continue reading book >>

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