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Life and Times of Washington, Volume 2 Revised, Enlarged, and Enriched   By: (1813-1891)

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LIFE AND TIMES OF WASHINGTON

VOLUME II

by John F. Schroeder and Benson John Lossing

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

VOLUME II. PART IV. Washington Continental Commander in Chief. 1775 1783.

CHAP. X. Lord Howe Outgeneraled by Washington

XI. Washington Holds Howe in Check

XII. Burgoyne's Defeat and Surrender

XIII. Washington at Valley Forge

XIV. The Battle of Monmouth

XV. Washington Directs a Descent on Rhode Island

XVI. Washington Prepares to Chastise the Indians

XVII. Washington's Operations in the Northern States

XVIII. Campaign in the North Arnold's Treason

XIX. Operations at the South

XX. Preparations for a New Campaign

XXI. The Campaign at the South

XXII. Continuation of the Campaign at the South

XXIII. Washington Captures Cornwallis

XXIV. Final Events of the Revolution

PART V. Washington, a Private Citizen. 1783 1788.

CHAP.

I. Washington's Return to Private Life

II. Washington President of the Constitutional Convention

PART VI. Washington as President and in Retirement. 1789 1799.

I. Washington Elected First President of the United States

II. Washington's Inauguration and First Administration Formed

III. Measures for Establishing the Public Credit

IV. Establishment of a National Bank

V. Political Parties Developed

VI. Washington Inaugurates the System of Neutrality

VII. Washington Sends Jay to England

VIII. Washington Quells the Western Insurrection

IX. Washington Signs Jay's Treaty

X. Washington Maintains the Treaty Making Power of the Executive

XI. Washington Retires from the Presidency

XII. Washington Appointed Lieutenant General

XIII. Last Illness, Death, and Character of Washington

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. Vol. II.

WASHINGTON AS PRESIDENT

VALLEY FORGE WASHINGTON AND LAFAYETTE

WASHINGTON AT TRENTON

MAJOR GENERAL BARON STEUBEN

PHILIP SCHUYLER

HORATIO GATES

BATTLE OF GERMANTOWN

TREASON OF ARNOLD

ROBERT MORRIS

LEE'S CAVALRY SKIRMISHING AT THE BATTLE OF GUILFORD

GENERAL FRANCIS MARION

MAJOR GENERAL NATHANAEL GREENE

ALEXANDER HAMILTON

ROBERT R. LIVINGSTON

WASHINGTON'S FAREWELL TO HIS OFFICERS

LAFAYETTE

JOHN JAY

INAUGURATION OF WASHINGTON

THE FIRST CABINET

JOHN HANCOCK

JOHN ADAMS

WASHINGTON AND FAMILY AT MOUNT VERNON

CHIEF JUSTICE JOHN MARSHALL

THOMAS JEFFERSON

HENRY LAURENS

CHAPTER X.

WASHINGTON OUT GENERALS HOWE. 1777.

Among the many perplexing subjects which claimed the attention of Washington during the winter (1776 1777), while he was holding his headquarters among the hills at Morristown, none gave him more annoyance than that of the treatment of American prisoners in the hands of the enemy. Among the civilized nations of modern times prisoners of war are treated with humanity and principles are established on which they are exchanged. The British officers, however, considered the Americans as rebels deserving condign punishment and not entitled to the sympathetic treatment commonly shown to the captive soldiers of independent nations. They seem to have thought that the Americans would never be able, or would never dare, to retaliate. Hence their prisoners were most infamously treated. Against this the Americans remonstrated, and, on finding their remonstrances disregarded, they adopted a system of retaliation which occasioned much unmerited suffering to individuals. Col. Ethan Allen, who had been defeated and made prisoner in a bold but rash attempt against Montreal, was put in irons and sent to England as a traitor. In retaliation, General Prescott, who had been taken at the mouth of the Sorel, was put in close confinement for the avowed purpose of subjecting him to the same fate which Colonel Allen should suffer.

Both officers and privates, prisoners to the Americans, were more rigorously confined than they would otherwise have been, and, that they might not impute this to wanton harshness and cruelty, they were distinctly told that their own superiors only were to blame for any severe treatment they might experience... Continue reading book >>




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