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Literature in the Elementary School   By: (1873-1939)

Literature in the Elementary School by Porter Lander MacClintock

First Page:

LITERATURE IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS CHICAGO, ILLINOIS

Agents

THE CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS LONDON AND EDINBURGH

THE MARUZEN KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOKYO, OSAKA, KYOTO

KARL W. HIERSEMANN LEIPZIG

THE BAKER & TAYLOR COMPANY NEW YORK

LITERATURE IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

BY PORTER LANDER MACCLINTOCK, A.M.

THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS CHICAGO, ILLINOIS

COPYRIGHT 1907 BY THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO

All Rights Reserved

Published November 1907 Second Impression October 1908 Third Impression September 1909 Fourth Impression November 1910 Fifth Impression March 1912 Sixth Impression October 1913 Seventh Impression November 1914

Composed and Printed By The University of Chicago Press Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.

TO W. D. M.

TO A. C. D.

AND TO MY DEAR FRIENDS AND FELLOW STUDENTS

LANDER PAUL HILDA ELIZABETH HERMANN JOSEPHINE

ISABEL BETH ALBERT IRENE HENRY RUTH

THIS LITTLE BOOK, THE OUTCOME OF OUR COMMON STUDIES, IS MOST LOYALLY AND LOVINGLY DEDICATED

PREFACE

This book had its origin in several years of experience and experiment in teaching classes in literature in the Laboratory School of the University of Chicago, when that fruitful venture in education was being conducted by Professor John Dewey; in many years of private reading with children; and in many years of lecturing to teachers of children. Indeed, all the material bears the unconcealable marks of its origin as lectures, it being extremely difficult to turn into decorous chapters in a book, stuff which first took shape as spontaneous and informal lectures.

The central matter of the book was published as a series of articles in the Elementary School Teacher of October, November, and December, 1902, and a synopsis of the whole book was printed and widely circulated in January, 1904. These facts may partially account for a certain familiarity that many readers will perceive. May I venture to hope that this sense of familiarity may also be partly accounted for by the fact that the views expressed are consonant with those arrived at independently by many recent students of literature and of children?

Were it not a matter of mere justice, this would be scarcely the place to mention my debt of many kinds to Professor W. D. MacClintock of the University of Chicago; the incalculable value of Professor Dewey's influence and sympathy; and the unforgettable stimulation of Mrs. Dewey's criticism. Neither is it more than justice to express my gratitude for the patience of my publishers, which has endured both much and long.

P. L. M.

UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO June, 1907

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER PAGE I. LITERATURE IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 1

II. THE SERVICES WE MAY EXPECT LITERATURE TO RENDER IN THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN 16

III. THE KINDS OF LITERATURE AND THE ELEMENTS OF LITERATURE SERVICEABLE IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 38

IV. STORY 55

V. THE CHOICE OF STORIES 77

VI. FOLK TALE AND FAIRY STORY 92

VII. MYTH AS LITERATURE 113

VIII. HERO TALES AND ROMANCES 131

IX. REALISTIC STORIES 156

X. NATURE AND ANIMAL STORIES 170

XI. SYMBOLISTIC STORIES, FABLES, AND OTHER APOLOGUES 183

XII. POETRY 193

XIII. DRAMA 212

XIV. THE PRESENTATION OF THE LITERATURE 229

XV. THE RETURN FROM THE CHILDREN 242

XVI. THE CORRELATIONS OF LITERATURE 259

XVII. LITERATURE OUT OF SCHOOL AND READING OTHER THAN LITERATURE 277

XVIII. A COURSE IN LITERATURE FOR THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 292

CHAPTER I

LITERATURE IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

According to the naïvely formal method of division of the old fashioned homiletics, the title itself offers a quite inevitable outline for the discussion in this chapter an outline that takes this form: (1) literature; (2) literature in the school; (3) literature in the elementary school; and while we may smile at the pat formality of the little syllabus, we cannot resist its logic... Continue reading book >>




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