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The Little Clay Cart Mrcchakatika   By:

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HARVARD ORIENTAL SERIES

WITH THE COƖPERATION OF VARIOUS SCHOLARS

BY

CHARLES ROCKWELL LANMAN

WALES PROFESSOR OF SANSKRIT IN HARVARD UNIVERSITY

Volume Nine

CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS

Published by Harvard University

1905

THE LITTLE CLAY CART

[MRCCHAKATIKA]

A Hindu Drama

ATTRIBUTED TO KING SHUDRAKA

TRANSLATED FROM THE ORIGINAL SANSKRIT AND PRAKRITS

INTO ENGLISH PROSE AND VERSE

BY

ARTHUR WILLIAM RYDER, PH.D.

INSTRUCTOR IN SANSKRIT IN HARVARD UNIVERSITY

CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS

Published by Harvard University

1905

COPYRIGHT, 1905, BY HARVARD UNIVERSITY

TO MY FATHER

WILLIAM HENRY RYDER

CONTENTS

NOTE BY THE EDITOR OF THE SERIES

PREFACE BY THE TRANSLATOR

INTRODUCTION

THE AUTHOR AND THE PLAY

THE TRANSLATION

AN OUTLINE OF THE PLOT

DRAMATIS PERSONAE

TRANSLATION OF THE LITTLE CLAY CART

PROLOGUE

ACT I. THE GEMS ARE LEFT BEHIND

ACT II. THE SHAMPOOER WHO GAMBLED

ACT III. THE HOLE IN THE WALL

ACT IV. MADANIKA AND SHARVILAKA

ACT V. THE STORM

ACT VI. THE SWAPPING OF THE BULLOCK CARTS

ACT VII. ARYAKA'S ESCAPE

ACT VIII. THE STRANGLING OF VASANTASENA

ACT IX. THE TRIAL

ACT X. THE END

EPILOGUE

DEPARTURES OF THE TRANSLATION FROM PARAB'S TEXT

NOTE BY THE EDITOR

With the battle of the Sea of Japan another turning point in the brief course of recorded human history has been reached. Whatever the outcome of the negotiations for peace, one thing is sure: for better, for worse, and whether we will or no, the West must know the East, and the East must know the West. With that knowledge will inevitably come an interchange of potent influences, of influences that will affect profoundly the religion and morals, the philosophy, the literature, the art, in short, all the elements that make up the civilizations of the two hemispheres. It is a part of the responsibility resting upon the molders and leaders of the thought and life of our time, and upon our Universities in particular, to see to it that these new forces, mighty for good or for evil, are directed aright.

The fruitfulness of those scions of Western civilization which the Japanese have grafted upon their own stock is to day the admiration of the world. In our wonder, let us not forget that that stock is the growth of centuries, and that it is rooted in a soil of racial character informed by ethical ideals which we are wont to regard, with arrogant self complacency, as exclusively proper to Christianity, but which were, in fact, inculcated twenty four centuries ago through precept and example by Gotama the Enlightened, or, as the Hindus called him, Gotama the Buddha. It has often been said that India has never influenced the development of humanity as a whole. Be that as it may, it now seems no less probable than strange that she is yet destined to do so, on the one hand, indirectly, through the influence of Indian Buddhism upon Japan, and, on the other, directly, by the diffusion in the West of a knowledge of her sacred writings, especially those of Vedantism and Buddhism. To judge the East aright, we must know not only what she is, but also how she has become what she is; know, in short, some of the principal phases of her spiritual history as they are reflected in her ancient literature, especially that of India. To interpret to the West the thought of the East, to bring her best and noblest achievements to bear upon our life , that is to day the problem of Oriental philology... Continue reading book >>




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