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Louis XIV and La Grande Mademoiselle 1652-1693   By:

Louis XIV and La Grande Mademoiselle 1652-1693 by Arvede Barine

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By ARVÈDE BARINE

=The Youth of La Grande Mademoiselle 1627 1652=

Authorized English Version. Octavo. Fully Illustrated. (By mail, $3.25.) Net, $3.00

=Louis XIV. and La Grande Mademoiselle 1652 1693=

Authorized English Version. Octavo. Fully Illustrated. (By mail, $3.25.) Net, $3.00

= G. P. PUTNAM'S SONS =

= New York = = London =

[Illustration: Cliché Braun, Clément & Cie. =MADEMOISELLE DE MONTPENSIER= She is holding the portrait of her father, Gaston D'Orléans From the painting by Pierre Bourgnignon in the Musée de Versailles. By permission of Messrs. Hachette & Co.]

Louis XIV and La Grande Mademoiselle

1652 1693

By

Arvède Barine

Author of "The Youth of La Grande Mademoiselle"

Authorised English Version

G. P. Putnam's Sons

New York and London The Knickerbocker Press 1905

COPYRIGHT, 1905

BY

G. P. PUTNAM'S SONS

The Knickerbocker Press, New York

PREFACE

In the volume entitled The Youth of La Grande Mademoiselle I have tried to present the conditions of France during the period in which the ancient liberties of the people and the turbulent society which had abused its privileges suffered, in the one case death, in the other extinction.

As is always the case, a lack of proper discipline had prepared the way for absolute rule, and the young King who was about to assume full power was an enigma to his subjects. The nearest relatives of Louis had always found him impenetrable. The Grande Mademoiselle had been brought up side by side with her cousin, but she was entirely ignorant of his real character, knowing only that he was silent and appeared timid. In her failure to understand the King, Mademoiselle showed herself again a true child of her century.

At the moment in which the Prince assumed full power, his true disposition, thoughts, and beliefs were entirely hidden from the public, and Saint Simon has contributed to this ignorance by prolonging it to posterity. Louis XIV. was over fifty when this terrible writer appeared at Court. The Mémoires of Saint Simon present the portrait of a man almost old; this portrait however is so powerful, so living that it obliterates every other. The public sees only the Louis of Saint Simon; for it, the youthful King as he lived during the troubled and passionate period of his career, the period that was most interesting, because most vital, has never existed.

The official history of the times aids in giving a false impression of Louis XIV., figuring him in a sort of hieratic attitude between an idol and a manikin. The portraits of Versailles again mask the Louis of the young Court, the man for whose favour Molière and the Libertines fought with varying chances of success.

In the present volume I have tried to raise a corner of this mask.

The Mémoires of Louis XIV., completely edited for the first time according to any methodical plan in 1860, have greatly aided me in this task. They abound in confessions, sometimes aside, sometimes direct, of the matters that occupied the thoughts of the youthful author. The Grande Mademoiselle, capable of neither reserve nor dissimulation, has proved the next most valuable guide in the attempt to penetrate into the intimate life of Louis. As related by her, the perpetual difficulties with the Prince throw a vivid light upon the kind of incompatibility of temper which existed at the beginning of the reign between absolute power and the survivors of the Fronde.

How the young King succeeded in directing his generation toward new ideas and sentiments and how the Grande Mademoiselle, too late carried away by the torrent, became in the end a victim to its force, will be seen in the course of the present volume, provided, that is, that I have not overestimated my powers in touching upon a subject very obscure, very delicate, with facts drawn from a period the most frequently referred to and yet in some respects the least comprehended of the entire history of France... Continue reading book >>




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