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The Manóbos of Mindanáo Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences, Volume XXIII, First Memoir   By:

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THE MANÓBOS OF MINDANÁO

by

JOHN M. GARVAN

MEMOIRS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES VOLUME XXIII FIRST MEMOIR

United States Government Printing Office Washington : 1931 For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D. C. Price $1.00 (paper cover)

MEMOIRS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

VOLUME XXIII

FIRST MEMOIR

THE MANÓBOS OF MINDANÁO

JOHN M. GARVAN

Presented to the Academy at the Annual Meeting, 1929

THE MANÓBOS OF MINDANÁO

by

JOHN M. GARVAN

CONTENTS

PART I. DESCRIPTIVE

CHAPTER I. Classification and geographical distribution of Manóbos and other peoples in eastern Mindanáo

Explanation of terms "Eastern Mindanáo" The term "tribe" Present use of the word "Manóbo" The derivation and original application of the word "Manóbo" Geographical distribution of the Manóbos in eastern Mindanáo In the Agúsan Valley On the eastern side of the Pacific Cordillera On the peninsula of San Agustin The Mamánuas, or Negritos, and Negrito Manóbo half breeds The Banuáons The Mañgguáñgans The Mansákas The Debabáons The Mandáyas The Tágum branch The Agúsan Valley branch The Pacific coast branch The gulf of Davao branch The Moros The Biláns The Tagakaólos The Lóaks or Lóags The conquistas or recently Christianized peoples The Manóbo conquistas The Mandáya conquistas The Mamánua conquistas The Mañgguáñgan conquistas The Mansáka conquistas The Debabáon conquistas The Bisáyas or Christian Filipinos

CHAPTER II. Physical characteristics and general appearance of the Manóbos of eastern Mindanáo

Physical type Divergence of types General physical type Racial and tribal affinities Montano's Indonesian theory Keane's view The Indonesian theory as applied to Manóbos Physical type of contiguous peoples The Mañgguáñgans The Mandáyas The Debabáons The Mamánuas The Banuáons Physical appearance as modified by dress and ornamentation

CHAPTER III. A survey of the material and sociological culture of the Manóbos of eastern Mindanáo

General material culture Dwellings Alimentation Narcotic and stimulating enjoyments Means of subsistence Weapons and implements Industrial activities General sociological culture Domestic life Marital relations Pregnancy, birth, and childhood Medicine, sickness, and death Social and family enjoyments Political organization System of government and social control Methods of warfare Intertribal and analogous relations Administration of justice General principles and various laws Regulations governing domestic relations and property; customary procedure in settlement of disputes

CHAPTER IV. Religious ideas and mental characteristics in general

A brief survey of religion The basis, influence, and machinery of religion The hierarchy of Manóbo divinities, beneficent and malignant Priests, their functions, attributes, and equipment The main characteristics of Manóbo religion Mental and other attainments and characteristics

PART II. GENERAL MATERIAL CULTURE

CHAPTER V. The Manobo home

In general Motives that determine the selection of the site Religious motives Material motives Religious ceremonies connected with the erection of a house Structure of the house The materials The dimensions and plan of construction The floor The roof and the thatch The walls The doorway and the ladder Internal arrangements Decorations The furniture and equipment of the house The underpart and the environment of the house Order and cleanliness of the house

CHAPTER VI. Dress

General remarks Delicacy in exposure of the person Variety in quantity and quality of clothes The use of bark cloth Dress as an indication of rank Dress in general Preferential colors in dress The man's dress Hats and headkerchiefs The jacket The lower garment The girdle The betel nut knapsack The woman's dress The jacket The upper Agúsan style The style of the central group The girdle and its pendants The skirt

CHAPTER VII... Continue reading book >>




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