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Maximilian in Mexico A Woman's Reminiscences of the French Intervention 1862-1867   By: (1847-1921)

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MAXIMILIAN IN MEXICO

A WOMAN'S REMINISCENCES OF THE FRENCH INTERVENTION 1862 1867

SARA YORKE STEVENSON, Sc. D.

NEW YORK copyright 1897, 1898, 1899 THE CENTURY CO.

TO THE MEMORY OF SENOR DON MATIAS ROMERO MINISTER OF MEXICO TO WASHINGTON 1882 1898.

One of the latest survivors of the drama, some episodes of which are herein related.

His approval of five articles on the French Intervention and the reign of Maximilian, which appeared in the "Century Magazine" in 1897, and his earnest request that they "be published in a more permanent form, led to the presentation of this volume to the public.

With deepest appreciation of the important part played by this Mexican patriot in checking the aggressive policy of Europe upon this continent, the author here inscribes his name.

CONTENTS

Part I. The Triple Alliance, 1861 62 I. El Dorado . . . . . . . . . 1 II. The New "Napoleonic Idea" . . . . 7 III. M. De Saligny And M. Jecker . . . 17 IV. The Allies In Mexico . . . . . . 24 V. Rupture Between The Allies . . . . 36

Part II. The French: Intervention, 1862 64 I. The Author Leaves Paris For Mexico . . 47 II. Puebla And Mexico General De Lorencez General Zaragoza . 66 III. The Siege of Puebla General Forey General Ortega . .82 IV. The French In The City Of Mexico The Regency . . . 93

Part III. The Empire Of Maximilian I, 1864 65 I. Marshal Bazaine . . . . . . . 117 II. A Bed Of Roses In A Gold Mine . . . .125 III. Thorns . . . . . . . . . 136

Part IV. The Awakening I. "A Cloud No Bigger Than A Man's Hand" . . . 161 II. La Debacle . . . . . . . 188 III. Comedy And Tragedy . . . . 207 IV. General Castelnau . . . . . 232 V. The End Of The French Intervention . . . 256

Part V. The End I. Queretaro, 1867 . . . . . . 269

Appendices A. The Bando Negro (Black Decree) Proclamation Of Emperor Maximilian, October 3, 1865. . . .309 B. Treaty Of Miramar, Signed On April 10, 1864 . . 315

List Of Illustrations Frontsview Page Napoleon III, Eugenie, And Duc De Morny . . 9 Maximilian Gold Coin . . . . . . 19 Agustin De Iturbide . . . . . . . 29 Miguel Miramon . . . . . . 39 President Benito Pablo Juarez . . . . . 49 General Prim . . . . . . . . 59 Porfirio Diaz . . . . . . . . . 69 Matias Romero . . . . . . . . 79 From "Mexico and The United States," by permission of G.P.Putnam's Sons. Chapultepec, Maximilian's Palace . . . . 89 Empress Charlotte . . . . . . . 99 Colonel Van Der Smissen . . . . . . 109 Marechal Bazaine And Madame La Marechale . 119 Matthew Fontaine Maury . . . . 129 After a Photograph By D. H. Anderson. Comte De Thun De Hohenstein . . . . . 143 Photographed By Merille. Count Von Funfkirkchen . . . . . . . 153 From Photograph By Montes De Oca. Ex Confederate Generals In Mexico . . . 171 Dr. William M. Gwin . . . . . . . 183 From A Steel Engraving By A. B. Walter For "The Democratic Review." General Mejia . . . . 195 Marquis De Gallifet . . . . . . . 211 After Photograph By Nadar. Colonel Tourre, Third Zouaves . . . . 227 After Photograph By Montes De Oca. Comte De Bombelles . . . . . . . 239 After Photograph By Aubert & Co. General Castelnau . . . . . . . 251 Colonel Dupin . . . . . . . . . 263 Surrender of Maximilian, May 15, 1867 . . . 275 Don Pedro Rincon Gallardo . . . . 283 From A Photograph By Cruces y Campa. Guard And Sergeant Who Shot Maximilian . . 291 Last Day Of Maximilian . . . . . . . 297 The Calvary Of Queretaro, Showing Where Maximilian, Mejia, And Miramon Were Shot . . . 300 The Last Moments Of Maximilian . . . . 301 The Hack In Which Maximilian Was Taken To The Place Of Execution . . . . .304 Monuments Marking The Place of Execution . . 307

PRELUDE

In offering these pages to the public, my aim is not to write a historical sketch of the reign of Maximilian of Austria, nor is it to give a description of the political crisis through which Mexico passed during that period. My only desire is to furnish the reader with a point of view the value of which lies in the fact that it is that of an eyewitness who was somewhat more than an ordinary spectator of a series of occurrences which developed into one of the most dramatic episodes of modern times... Continue reading book >>




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