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Mexico Its Ancient and Modern Civilisation, History, Political Conditions, Topography, Natural Resources, Industries and General Development   By: (1868-1970)

Book cover

First Page:

THE SOUTH AMERICAN SERIES EDITED BY MARTIN HUME, M.A.

[Frontispiece: AN IDYLL OF MEXICO: INDIAN CARRIERS, RUINED CHURCH, AND SNOW CLAD PEAK OF ORIZABA.]

MEXICO

ITS ANCIENT AND MODERN CIVILISATION HISTORY AND POLITICAL CONDITIONS TOPOGRAPHY AND NATURAL RESOURCES INDUSTRIES AND GENERAL DEVELOPMENT

BY

C. REGINALD ENOCK, F.R.G.S.

CIVIL AND MINING ENGINEER AUTHOR OF "PERU" AND "THE ANDES AND THE AMAZON"

WITH AN INTRODUCTION BY MARTIN HUME, M.A.

WITH A MAP AND SEVENTY FIVE ILLUSTRATIONS

NEW YORK CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS

First Edition 1909 Second Impression 1910 Third Impression 1912 Fourth Impression 1914 Fifth Impression 1919

(All rights reserved) PRINTED IN GREAT BRITAIN

PREFACE

The purpose of this work is to treat of Mexico as a topographical and political entity, based upon a study of the country from travel and observation; a method such as has found favour in my book upon Peru. The method of viewing a country as a whole, with its people, topography, and general conditions in natural relation to each other, is one which commands growing acceptance in a busy age. I have been able to observe much of the actual life and character of Spanish American countries from considerable travel therein. Both Mexico and Peru ever lured me on as seeming to hold for me some El Dorado, and if I have not reaped gold as the Conquistadores did, there are nevertheless other matters of satisfaction accruing to the traveller from his journeys in those splendid territories of mountain and forest.

Mexico, superfluous to say, is not part of South America, although this book appears in this series. But it is part of that vast Spanish speaking New World whose development holds much of interest; and which may occupy a more important part in coming years than is generally thought of at present.

THE AUTHOR.

CONTENTS

PAGE BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxi

INTRODUCTION BY MARTIN HUME. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxv

CHAPTER I A FIRST RECONNAISSANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

Romance of history Two entrance ways Vera Cruz Orizaba The Great Plateau Fortress of Ulua Sierra Madre Topographical structure The Gulf coast Tropical region Birds, animals, and vegetation of coast zone Tierra caliente Malaria Foothills Romantic scenery General configuration of Mexico Climatic zones Temperate zone Cold zone The Cordillera Snow capped peaks Romance of mining Devout miners Subterranean shrines The great deserts Sunset on the Great Plateau Coyotes and zopilotes Irrigated plantations Railways Plateau of Anahuac The cities of the mesa central Spanish American civilisation Romance of Mexican life Mexican girls, music, and moonlight The peones and civilisation American comparisons Pleasing traits of the Mexicans The foreigner in Mexico Picturesque mining towns Wealth of silver Conditions of travel Railways Invasions Lerdo's axiom Roads and horsemen Strong religious sentiment Popocatepetl and Ixtaccihuatl Sun god of Teotihuacan City of Mexico Valley of Mexico The Sierra Madre Divortia aquarum of the continent Volcano of Colima Forests and ravines Cuernavaca The trail of Cortes Acapulco Romantic old haciendas Tropic sunset Unexplored Guerrero Perils and pleasures of the trail Sunset in the Pacific Ocean.

CHAPTER II THE DAWN OF MEXICO: TOLTECS AND AZTECS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

Lake Texcoco Valley of Anahuac Seat of the Aztec civilisation Snow capped peaks Pyramids of Teotihuacan Toltecs The first Aztecs The eagle, cactus, and serpent Aztec oracle and wanderings Tenochtitlan Prehistoric American civilisations Maya, Incas Quito and Peru The dawn of history The Toltec empire Rise, regime , fall Quetzalcoatl Otomies Chichemecas Nezahualcoyotl Astlan The seven tribes and their wanderings Mexican war god The Teocallis Human sacrifices Prehistoric City of Mexico The Causeways Aztec arts, kings, and civilisation Montezuma Guatemoc Impressions of the Spaniards The golden age of Texcoco Vandalism of Spanish archbishop The poet king and his religion Temple to the Unknown God Aztecs and Incas compared The Tlascalans The Otomies Cholula Mexican tribes Aztec buildings Prehistoric art Origin of American prehistoric civilisation Biblical analogies Supposed Asiatic and Egyptian origins Aboriginal theory... Continue reading book >>




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