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A Middle High German Primer Third Edition   By: (1855-1930)

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[Transcriber’s Note:

This e text includes characters that will only display in UTF 8 (Unicode) text readers:

ā ē ī ō ū (long vowels, printed with macron/overline) ẹ (e with dot under, used in reading selections) ȥ (z with hook)

If any of these characters do not display properly in particular, if the diacritic does not appear directly above the letter or if the quotation marks in this paragraph appear as garbage, make sure your text reader’s “character set” or “file encoding” is set to Unicode (UTF 8). You may also need to change the default font. Depending on available fonts, some inflectional tables may not line up vertically. See the end of the file for possible character substitutions. As a last resort, use the ASCII 7 version of this file instead.

A few additional characters are used mainly in the historical introduction, and may be disregarded if they present problems, as may the two or three Greek words:

ƀ, ʒ, χ, ŋ (b with line through stem; ezh; chi; eng) ā̆, ī̆, ē̆, ō̆ (a, e, i, o with both macron and breve) ǖ, ǣ (ü, æ with macron)

Italics are marked with lines . Boldface type is shown with {braces}. Boldface markings have generally been omitted from tables to aid readability.

Punctuation in the Glossary has been silently regularized. Other typographical errors are listed at the end of the text.]



with Grammar, Notes, And Glossary

by JOSEPH WRIGHT M.A., Ph.D., D.C.L., LL.D., Litt.D.

Fellow of the British Academy Corpus Christi Professor of Comparative Philology in the University of Oxford

THIRD EDITION Re Written And Enlarged



London Edinburgh Glasgow New York Toronto Melbourne Bombay

HUMPHREY MILFORD Publisher to the University


The present book has been written in the hope that it will serve as an elementary introduction to the larger German works on the subject from which I have appropriated whatever seemed necessary for the purpose. In the grammar much aid has been derived from Paul’s Mittelhochdeutsche Grammatik , second edition, Halle, 1884, and Weinhold’s Mittelhochdeutsche Grammatik , second edition, Paderborn, 1883. The former work, besides containing by far the most complete syntax, is also the only Middle High German Grammar which is based on the present state of German Philology.... I believe that the day is not far distant when English students will take a much more lively interest in the study of their own and the other Germanic languages (especially German and Old Norse) than has hitherto been the case. And if this little book should contribute anything towards furthering the cause, it will have amply fulfilled its purpose.

LONDON: January, 1888.

When I wrote the preface to the first edition of this primer in 1888, I ventured to predict that the interest of English students in the subject would grow and develop as time went on, but I hardly expected that it would grow so much that a second edition of the book would be required within so short a period. It has been revised throughout, and several changes have been made in the phonology, but I have not thought it advisable to alter the general plan and scope of the former edition. After many years of personal experience as a teacher and examiner in the older periods of the German language, I have become firmly convinced that the larger books on the subject contain too many details for beginners... Continue reading book >>

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