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Modern Persia   By: (1861-)

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MODERN PERSIA

BY

RABBI MOOSHIE G. DANIEL,

McCORMICK SEMINARY Late Professor of Ancient Syriac in Oroomiah College, Persia.

WHEATON COLLEGE PRESS WHEATON, ILL. 1897.

Copyrighted 1897, by Mooshie G. Daniel

TO THE CLASS OF 1897 OF MCCORMICK THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY, THIS VOLUME IS RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED BY THE AUTHOR.

PREFACE.

The author, in spending four years in America, has come in contact with different classes of people who have raised serious questions concerning modern Persia.

Those who are interested in politics and government, have asked: Is modern Persia a province of Turkey? Is it as large as the state of Michigan? Is the king still absolute as in ancient times? Have the laws of the Medes and Persians undergone no change? Are there any remains of Persia's ancient beauty and grandeur?

These, and questions like these, have been from time to time presented to the author. On the other hand it is to be observed that many journalists traveling through Persia have greatly misrepresented that country. Their limited stay made it impossible for them to acquire any accurate knowledge of the country.

It is no easy task to familiarize oneself with the ideas and customs of that ancient and historic country. To thousands in Persia the literature and history of their own land is a sealed book.

Questions the most serious and earnest have been raised by godly ministers and devoted people who have for years been generous givers to the cause of Foreign Missions. I have been asked questions like these: Is there a solid foundation established by missions in Persia? What has the gospel done? What changes have taken place? What are some of the fruits of our mission work over there? What are some of the temporal improvements? Very recently Rev. O. N. Hunt of Edwardsburg, Mich., wrote the author asking what is the moral condition of Persia to day in comparison to what it was when the missionaries began their work?

Questions like these prompted the author to write this small book.

Its object is to encourage the mission spirit; to quicken and kindle anew the fires of divine love in the hearts of all those to whom it will come; to promote and advance the blessed gospel of our Lord and His Christ; to hasten the day when millions that now sit in darkness and the shadow of death may set their faces toward the light.

Oh, Jehovah of the East! Who was once born in the East, Who preached and was crucified in the East, When wilt thou again visit the East?

Remarks: The author wishes to say that in the survey of modern Persia free use was made of the International Encyclopedia, especially in the matter of dates.

Dr. Philip Scaff's Church History was also consulted in the account given of Mohammed.

The leaves of the trees, are the gift of the poors.

CONTENTS.

PART I.

CHAPTER. PAGE

I. General Survey of Persia Climate and Products Inhabitants Manufactories and Trades Government and Taxation The Army 17 22

II. The Ancient History of Persia. 22 30

III. Architecture of Persia 30 35

IV. The Language and Poetry of Persia 35 41

PART II.

Religions.

I. Parsee Religion Bible and Doctrines Their Rituals 42 49

II. Mohammedanism Mohammed His Birth and Character The Conquest of Islam 49 58

III. The Mohammedan Religion 59 60

IV. The Creed of Islam 61 62

V. The Priesthood Mujtahids Arch Mujtahids, Common Mujtahids Mollah The Sayyids Darwishes Their Service 62 75

VI. The Laymen Middle Class Low Class 75 81

VII. The Mosques and their Services Special Service 81 86

VIII... Continue reading book >>




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