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The Negro in Literature and Art in the United States   By: (1882-1939)

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First Page:

THE NEGRO IN LITERATURE AND ART

[Illustration: © MARY DALE CLARK & CHARLES JAMES FOX

CHARLES S. GILPIN AS "THE EMPEROR JONES"]

The Negro in Literature and Art in the United States

BY BENJAMIN BRAWLEY

Author of "A Short History of the American Negro"

REVISED EDITION

[Illustration]

NEW YORK DUFFIELD & COMPANY 1921

Copyright, 1918, 1921, by DUFFIELD & COMPANY

TO MY FATHER EDWARD MACKNIGHT BRAWLEY

WITH THANKS FOR SEVERE TEACHING AND STIMULATING CRITICISM

CONTENTS

CHAP. PAGE

PREFACE xi

I. THE NEGRO GENIUS 3

II. PHILLIS WHEATLEY 10

III. PAUL LAURENCE DUNBAR 33

IV. CHARLES W. CHESNUTT 45

V. W. E. BURGHARDT DU BOIS 50

VI. WILLIAM STANLEY BRAITHWAITE 56

VII. OTHER WRITERS 65

VIII. ORATORS. DOUGLASS AND WASHINGTON 83

IX. THE STAGE 97

X. PAINTERS. HENRY O. TANNER 103

XI. SCULPTORS. META WARRICK FULLER 112

XII. MUSIC 125

XIII. GENERAL PROGRESS, 1918 1921 142

XIV. CHARLES S. GILPIN 156

APPENDIX:

1. THE NEGRO IN AMERICAN FICTION 165

2. STUDY OF BIBLIOGRAPHY 180

ILLUSTRATIONS

CHARLES S. GILPIN AS "THE EMPEROR JONES" Frontispiece

PHILLIS WHEATLEY Facing p. 10

PAUL LAURENCE DUNBAR " 34

CHARLES W. CHESNUTT " 46

W. E. BURGHARDT DU BOIS " 50

WILLIAM STANLEY BRAITHWAITE " 56

HENRY O. TANNER " 104

META WARRICK FULLER " 112

HARRY T. BURLEIGH " 130

PREFACE

The present volume undertakes to treat somewhat more thoroughly than has ever before been attempted the achievement of the Negro in the United States along literary and artistic lines, judging this by absolute rather than by partial or limited standards. The work is the result of studies in which I first became interested nearly ten years ago. In 1910 a booklet, "The Negro in Literature and Art," appeared in Atlanta, privately printed. The little work contained only sixty pages. The reception accorded it, however, was even more cordial than I had hoped it might be, and the limited edition was soon exhausted. Its substance, in condensed form, was used in 1913 as the last chapter of "A Short History of the American Negro," brought out by the Macmillan Co. In the mean time, however, new books and magazine articles were constantly appearing, and my own judgment on more than one point had changed; so that the time has seemed ripe for a more intensive review of the whole field. To teachers who may be using the history as a text I hardly need to say that I should be pleased to have the present work supersede anything said in the last chapter of that volume.

The first chapter, and those on Mr. Braithwaite and Mrs. Fuller, originally appeared in the Southern Workman . That on the Stage was a contribution to the Springfield Republican ; and the supplementary chapter is from the Dial . All are here reprinted with the kind consent of the owners of those periodicals. Much of the quoted matter is covered by copyright. Thanks are especially due to Mr. Braithwaite and Mr. J. W. Johnson for permission to use some of their poems, and to Dodd, Mead & Co., the publishers of the works of Dunbar. The bibliography is quite new. It is hoped that it may prove of service.

BENJAMIN BRAWLEY... Continue reading book >>




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