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The Negro in the United States; a selected bibliography. Compiled by Dorothy B. Porter   By:

The Negro in the United States; a selected bibliography. Compiled by Dorothy B. Porter by Dorothy B. Porter

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Title: The Negro in the United States; a selected bibliography. Compiled by Dorothy B. Porter

CONTENTS

PREFACE

NOTE TO THE USER

KEY TO SYMBOLS

01 REFERENCE SOURCES Bibliographies, Guides, Indexes

02 REFERENCE SOURCES Encyclopedias, Biographical Dictionaries, Annuals

03 ART

04 BIOGRAPHY AND AUTOBIOGRAPHY Collective

05 BIOGRAPHY AND AUTOBIOGRAPHY Individual

06 CIVIL RIGHTS

07 COOKERY

08 ECONOMIC CONDITIONS

09 ECONOMIC CONDITIONS Business

10 ECONOMIC CONDITIONS Employment

11 ECONOMIC CONDITIONS Housing

12 EDUCATION

13 ENTERTAINMENT

14 FOLK LORE AND FOLK TALES

15 HISTORY

16 HISTORY Slavery

17 HISTORY Reconstruction

18 LEGAL STATUS

19 LITERATURE History and Criticism

20 LITERATURE Anthologies

21 LITERATURE Essays and Addresses

22 LITERATURE Fiction

23 LITERATURE Humor

24 LITERATURE Plays

25 LITERATURE Poetry

26 MEDICINE AND HEALTH

27 MILITARY Service

28 MUSIC

29 ORGANIZATIONS

30 POLITICS

31 PRESS

32 RACE RELATIONS

33 RACE RELATIONS Riots

34 REGIONAL STUDIES

35 RELIGION AND THE CHURCH

36 SOCIAL CONDITIONS

37 SOCIAL CONDITIONS Children

38 SOCIAL CONDITIONS Crime and Delinquency

39 SOCIAL CONDITIONS Family

40 SPORTS

INDEX

THE NEGRO IN THE UNITED STATES

BIBLIOGRAPHY

PREFACE

The career of Daniel Alexander Payne Murray, who served as a member of the staff in various capacities "up to an assistant librarian" from 1871 to 1922, is a natural starting point for a discussion of Negro materials in the Library of Congress. While serving in his first position in the Library, as a personal assistant to the Librarian, Ainsworth R. Spofford, Mr. Murray undertook the systematic study of "the origin and historical growth of the colored race throughout the civilized world," which he hoped would result in an encyclopedic history of his race. Almost 30 years later, he was chosen by Herbert Putnam, then just beginning his career as Librarian, to respond to a request from Ferdinand W. Peck, Commissioner General of the United States to the Paris exposition of 1900, that a collection of books and pamphlets by Afro American authors be made a feature of the American exhibit at the exposition. Within a period of 2 weeks, Mr. Murray prepared a preliminary list of 223 works written by 152 Negro authors. The purpose of this list was to aid in securing a copy of "every book and pamphlet in existence, by a Negro Author, the same to be used in connection with the exhibit of Negro Authorship in the Paris Exposition of 1900, and later placed in the Library of Congress."

It was soon discovered that, owing to Dr. Spofford's foresight, the Library of Congress was "uncommonly rich in such books and pamphlets," but "no little difficulty was encountered then and subsequently in identifying them." By the time the world exposition at Paris opened in May 1900, however, Mr. Murray had located 1,100 titles written by Negro authors, of which about 500 were forwarded to the exposition. Thomas J. Calloway, special agent for the U.S. Commission at the exposition, wrote that "the most creditable showing in the exhibit is by Negro authors collected by Mr. Daniel Murray of the library of Congress."

After the close of the Paris exposition, Mr. Murray continued to collect works by Afro American, Afro European, and West Indian authors and to amass a varied collection of Afro Americana. At his death in 1925, the library of Congress received by provision of his will a unique collection of some "1,448 volumes and pamphlets, 14 broadsides, and 1 map, with the idea that it should form part of the material especially selected by him for exhibit purposes." The books that had been sent to the Paris exposition were kept together upon their return to the Library... Continue reading book >>




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