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The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 3 Atrebates to Bedlis   By:

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First Page:

Transcriber's note: A few typographical errors have been corrected: they are listed at the end of the text.

Transcriber's note: In the pronunciation guides [=e] signifies "e macron"; [)e] "e breve"; [a:] "a with diaeresis below"; [.a] "a with dot above"; [n.] "n with dot below"; and so forth.

THE

NEW . GRESHAM

ENCYCLOPEDIA

VOLUME . I . PART . 3

[Illustration]

The GRESHAM . PUBLISHING COMPANY . Limited

66 CHANDOS STREET . STRAND LONDON W.C.2. 1922

LIST OF PLATES AND MAPS

VOLUME I PART 3

PLATES

Page

BACTERIA 348

MAPS IN COLOUR

AUSTRALIA 316

KEY TO PRONUNCIATION

The method of marking pronunciations here employed is either (1) by marking the syllable on which the accent falls, or (2) by a simple system of transliteration, to which the following is the Key:

VOWELS

[=a], as in f a te, or in b a re.

ä, as in a lms, Fr. â me, Ger. B a hn = á of Indian names.

[.a], the same sound short or medium, as in Fr. b a l, Ger. M a nn.

a, as in f a t.

[a:], as in f a ll.

a , obscure, as in rur a l, similar to u in b u t, [.e] in h e r: common in Indian names.

[=e], as in m e = i in mach i ne.

e, as in m e t.

[.e], as in h e r.

[=i], as in p i ne, or as ei in Ger. m ei n.

i, as in p i n, also used for the short sound corresponding to [=e], as in French and Italian words.

eu , a long sound as in Fr. j eû ne = Ger. long ö , as in S ö hne, G ö the (Goethe).

eu, corresponding sound short or medium, as in Fr. p eu = Ger. ö short.

[=o], as in n o te, m oa n.

o, as in n o t, s o ft that is, short or medium.

ö, as in m o ve, tw o .

[=u] as in t u be.

u, as in t u b: similar to [.e] and also to a.

[u:], as in b u ll.

ü, as in Sc. ab u ne = Fr. û as in d û , Ger. ü long as in gr ü n, B ü hne.

[.u], the corresponding short or medium sound, as in Fr. b u t, Ger. M ü ller.

oi, as in oi l.

ou, as in p ou nd; or as au in Ger. H au s.

CONSONANTS

Of the consonants , B, D, F, H, J, K, L, M, N, NG, P, SH, T, V, Z, always have their common English sounds, when used to transliterate foreign words. The letter C is not used by itself in re writing for pronunciation, S or K being used instead. The only consonantal symbols, therefore, that require explanation are the following:

ch is always as in ri ch .

d , nearly as th in th is = Sp. d in Ma d ri d , &c.

g is always hard, as in g o.

h represents the guttural in Scotch lo ch , Ger. na ch , also other similar gutturals.

[n.], Fr. nasal n as in bo n .

r represents both English r , and r in foreign words, which is generally much more strongly trilled.

s, always as in s o.

th, as th in th in.

th , as th in th is.

w always consonantal, as in w e.

x = ks, which are used instead.

y always consonantal, as in y ea (Fr. ligne would be re written l[=e]ny).

zh, as s in plea s ure = Fr. j .

ATREB´ATES, ancient inhabitants of that part of Gallia Belgica, afterwards called Artois . A colony of them settled in Britain, in a part of Berkshire and Oxfordshire.

AT´REK, a river of Asia, forming the boundary between Persia and the Russian Transcaspian territory, and flowing into the Caspian; length 250 miles.

ATREUS (at´r[=u]s), in Greek mythology, a son of Pelops and Hippodam[=i]a, and grandson of Tant[)a]lus. Atreus was the father of Agamemnon, according to Homer; other writers call him Agamemnon's grandfather. He succeeded Eurystheus, his father in law, as King of Myc[=e]næ, and in revenge for the seduction of his wife by his brother Thyestes gave a banquet at which the latter partook of the flesh of his own sons... Continue reading book >>




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