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The New Nation   By: (1877-1948)

Book cover

First Page:

[Illustration: Copyright, 1912, Moffett, Chicago

[Signature]Woodrow Wilson]

THE NEW NATION

BY

FREDERIC L. PAXSON

PROFESSOR OF HISTORY UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN

[Illustration: logo]

HOUGHTON MIFFLIN COMPANY

BOSTON NEW YORK CHICAGO

The Riverside Press Cambridge

COPYRIGHT, 1915, BY FREDERIC L. PAXSON

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

The Riverside Press

CAMBRIDGE MASSACHUSETTS

U.S.A.

PREFACE

A new nation has appeared within the United States since the Civil War, but it has been only accidentally connected with that catastrophe. The Constitution emerged from the confusion of strife and reconstruction substantially unchanged, but the economic development of the United States in the sixties and seventies gave birth to a society that was, by 1885, already national in its activities and necessities. In many ways the history of the United States since the Civil War has to do with the struggle between this national fact and the old legal system that was based upon state autonomy and federalism; and the future depends upon the discovery of a means to readjust the mechanics of government, as well as its content, to the needs of life. This book attempts to narrate the facts of the last half century and to show them in their relations to the larger truths of national development.

FREDERIC L. PAXSON.

CONTENTS

I. THE CIVIL WAR 1

II. THE WEST AND THE GREENBACKS 20

III. THE RESTORATION OF HOME RULE IN THE SOUTH 39

IV. THE PANIC OF 1873 59

V. THE HAYES ADMINISTRATION 75

VI. BUSINESS AND POLITICS 92

VII. THE NEW ISSUES 108

VIII. GROVER CLEVELAND 126

IX. THE LAST OF THE FRONTIER 142

X. NATIONAL BUSINESS 162

XI. THE FARMERS' CAUSE 177

XII. THE NEW SOUTH 192

XIII. POPULISM 208

XIV. FREE SILVER 225

XV. THE "COUNTER REFORMATION" 244

XVI. THE SPANISH WAR 258

XVII. THEODORE ROOSEVELT 276

XVIII. BIG BUSINESS 293

XIX. THE "MUCK RAKERS" 309

XX. NEW NATIONALISM 324

INDEX i

MAPS AND CHARTS

THE RAILWAYS OF THE "OLD NORTHWEST" 13

THE WESTERN RAILWAY LAND GRANTS, 1850 1871 23

THE SOLID SOUTH, 1880 1912 53

THE POLITICAL SITUATION AT WASHINGTON, 1869 1917 76, 77

POPULATION AND IMMIGRATION, 1850 1910 120

THE WESTERN RAILROADS AND THE CONTINENTAL FRONTIER, 1870 1890 146, 147

THE DISTRIBUTION OF THE PUBLIC DOMAIN, 1789 1904 153

THE CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION OF 1890 between 186 and 187

THE FLOOD OF SILVER, 1861 1911 227

ALASKA, THE PHILIPPINES, AND THE SEAT OF THE SPANISH WAR 259

NORTH AMERICA IN 1915 between 340 and 341

THE NEW NATION

CHAPTER I

THE CIVIL WAR

The military successes of the United States in its Civil War maintained the Union, but entailed readjustments in politics, finance, and business that shifted the direction of public affairs for many years. In the eyes of contemporaries these changes were obscured by the vivid scenes of the battlefield, whose intense impressions were not forgotten for a generation... Continue reading book >>




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