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A New Subspecies of the Black Myotis (Bat) from Eastern Mexico   By: (1902-1986)

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UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS PUBLICATIONS

MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY

Volume 14, No. 4, pp. 69 72, 1 fig. December 29, 1961

A New Subspecies of the Black Myotis (Bat) From Eastern Mexico

BY

E. RAYMOND HALL AND TICUL ALVAREZ

UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS LAWRENCE 1961

UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS PUBLICATIONS, MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY

Editors: E. Raymond Hall, Chairman, Henry S. Fitch, Theodore H. Eaton, Jr.

Volume 14, No. 4, pp. 69 72, 1 fig. Published December 29, 1961

UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS Lawrence, Kansas

PRINTED BY JEAN M. NEIBARGER, STATE PRINTER TOPEKA, KANSAS 1961 [Device] 28 8477

A New Subspecies of the Black Myotis (Bat) From Eastern Mexico

BY

E. RAYMOND HALL AND TICUL ALVAREZ

In 1928 when Miller and Allen (Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., 144) published their revisionary account of American bats of the genus Myotis , the black myotis, Myotis nigricans , was known no farther north than Chiapas and Campeche. Collections of mammals made in recent years for the Museum of Natural History of The University of Kansas include specimens of M. nigricans from eastern Mexico as far north as Tamaulipas. Critical study of this newly acquired material reveals that it pertains to an hitherto unnamed subspecies that may be named and described as follows:

MYOTIS NIGRICANS DALQUESTI new subspecies

Type. Male, adult, skin and skull, No. 23839 Museum of Natural History, University of Kansas; from 3 km. E of San Andrés Tuxtla, 1000 ft., Veracruz; obtained on January 5, 1948, by Walter W. Dalquest, original No. 8444.

Range. Tropical Life zone of eastern México from southern Tamaulipas to central Chiapas.

Diagnosis. Color black or dark brown, venter having brownish wash; size large (see measurements); M1 and M2 quadrangular; prominent protostyle on P4; P2 and P3 in straight line; sagittal crest absent.

Comparison. Color almost as in Myotis nigricans extremus , the subspecies occurring adjacent to dalquesti in Chiapas and Tabasco. From M. n. extremus , dalquesti differs as follows: larger; hypocone in M1 and M2 broader making posterointernal part less rounded; protostyle of P4 prominent instead of absent; P3 in line with C and P2 instead of displaced lingually; sagittal crest absent instead of present posteriorly. Myotis nigricans nigricans and M. n. dalquesti are of approximately equal size; otherwise they differ in the same features as do extremus and dalquesti .

Measurements. Average and extreme measurements of seven males from the type locality, followed by those of 19 females from 38 km. SE Jesús Carranza, and finally length of forearm and cranial measurements of eight female topotypes of M. n. extremus , are as follows: Total length, 80 (77 82), 76 (72 80); length of tail, 32.8 (30 35), 33.5 (31 35); hind foot, 7.9 (7 8), 8.0 (8 8); forearm, 34.2 (33.6 35.3), 35.1 (33.1 36.4), 33.1 (31.8 34.3); greatest length of skull (including incisors), 13.8 (13.3 14.1), 13.6 (13.2 14.1), 12.9 (12.6 13.1); zygomatic breadth, 8.1 (7.9 8.4), 8.1 (7.9 8.3), 8.0 (only one can be measured); width of rostrum above canines, 3.2 (3.1 3.3), 3.2 (3.0 3.4), 3.1 (3.0 3.2); interorbital constriction, 3.6 (3.5 3.7), 3.6 (3.5 3.8), 3.4 (3.3 3.4); occipital depth (excluding auditory bullae and sagittal crest), 4.6 (4.4 4.8), 4.6 (4.3 4.9), 4.3 (4.1 4.6); maxillary tooth row (C M3), 5.0 (4.8 5.1), 5.0 (4.8 5.2), 4.7 (4.6 4.8); maxillary breadth at M3, 5.2 (5.1 5.4), 5.3 (5.1 5.5), 5.1 (4.8 5.2).

[Illustration: FIG. 1. Left side of skull, incisors, canine, and premolars × 11, and occlusal surface of left first upper molar × 20. A. Myotis nigricans dalquesti , holotype. B... Continue reading book >>




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