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North America   By: (1852-1906)

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Transcriber's note: The original publication has been replicated faithfully except as listed in the List Of Corrections at the end of the text. Words in italics are indicated like this .

Appletons' World Series

THE REGIONS OF THE WORLD

EDITED BY

H. J. MACKINDER, M.A.

Reader in Geography in the University of Oxford

Each complete in One Volume, Large 8vo.

BRITAIN AND THE BRITISH SEAS By the EDITOR

WESTERN EUROPE AND THE MEDITERRANEAN By ELIS√ČE RECLUS

CENTRAL EUROPE By JOSEPH PARTSCH, Ph.D.

SCANDINAVIA AND THE ARCTIC REGION By Sir CLEMENTS R. MARKHAM, K.C.B., F.R.S., President Royal Geog. Soc.

THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE By PRINCE KROPOTKIN

THE NEARER EAST By D. G. HOGARTH, M.A.

AFRICA By J. SCOTT KELTIE, LL.D., Sec. R. G. S.

INDIA By Colonel Sir THOMAS HOLDICH, K.C.I.E., C.B., R.E.

THE FARTHER EAST By ARCHIBALD LITTLE

NORTH AMERICA By ISRAEL C. RUSSELL, LL.D.

SOUTH AMERICA By JOHN C. BRANNER, LL.D.

AUSTRALASIA AND ANTARCTICA By H. O. FORBES, LL.D.

[Illustration: FIG. 1. North America.

From a photograph of a relief map by Victor and Cosmos Mindeleff. Scales of original: Horizontal, 120 miles to 1 inch; vertical, 40,000 feet to 1 inch: proportion, 1:16.]

NORTH AMERICA

BY

ISRAEL C. RUSSELL

PROFESSOR OF GEOLOGY IN THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

With Maps and Diagrams

[Illustration]

NEW YORK D. APPLETON AND COMPANY 1904

COPYRIGHT, 1904 BY D. APPLETON AND COMPANY

PREFACE

The aim of this book is to give a condensed and, I trust, readable account of the leading facts concerning the North American continent which, from the point of view of the geographer, seem most interesting and instructive. The area of the continent is so vast and the diversity among its various parts so great, however, that the completeness of treatment which characterizes the preceding volumes in the series to which it belongs could not be attempted. To obviate in a measure this confessed shortcoming, there has been appended to each chapter a list of books which will enable the reader to continue the studies outlined in it.

A complete review of the geography of a continent should, as it seems to me, be divided into two parts: first, a discussion of the natural conditions, or physical geography, and, second, man's dependence on and use of the natural resources, or economic geography. Each of these two leading phases of the subject was embraced in the preliminary outline of the present volume, but owing to a desire to make each chapter as complete as practicable, and also on account of limitations as to space, the treatment of the economic phases of geography has been necessarily brief. But little more can be claimed for the book as finished than that it is an attempt to describe some of the more prominent and attractive aspects of the natural conditions pertaining to North America.

While writing this book I have become more and more impressed with the incompleteness and inadequacy of the printed records relating to the geography of the continent of which it treats. Extensive tracts, particularly in the far North, have not been traversed by observant men, vast areas throughout the continent have not been surveyed and mapped, and even in the somewhat thickly inhabited portions of the more enlightened countries there are large districts in reference to the geography of which there is but little critical information available... Continue reading book >>




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