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Notes and Queries, Number 44, August 31, 1850   By:

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"When found, make a note of." CAPTAIN CUTTLE.

No. 44.] SATURDAY, AUGUST 31, 1850 [Price Threepence. Stamped Edition 4d.




Gravesend Boats 209 Notes on Cunningham's Handbook of London, by E.F. Rimbault 211 Devotional Tracts belonging to Queen Katherine Parr, by Dr. Charlton 212 Suggestions for cheap Books of Reference 213 Rib, why the first Woman formed from 213 Minor Notes: Cinderella, or the Glass Slipper Mistletoe on Oaks Omnibuses Havock Schlegel on Church Property in England 214

QUERIES: P. Mathieu's Life of Sejanus 215 The Antiquity of Smoking 216 Sir Gregory Norton, Bart. 216 Minor Queries: City Offices Meaning of Harefinder Saffron bag Bishop Berkley's successful Experiments Unknown Portrait Custom of selling Wives Hepburn Crest and Motto Concolinel "One Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church" The Norfolk Dialect Sir John Perrot "Antiquitas sæculi juventus mundi" 216

REPLIES: Derivation of "News" 218 Replies to Minor Queries: Swords worn in Public Quarles' Pension Franz von Sickingen "Noll me tangere" Dr. Bowring's Translations Countess of Desmond Yorkshire Dales Sir Thomas Herbert's Memoirs Alarum Practice of Scalping among the Scythian's Gospel Tree Martinet "Yote" or "Yeot" Map of London Woodcarving, Snow Hill Waltheof The Dodo "Under the Rose" Ergh, Er, or Argh Royal Supporters The Frog and the Crow of Ennow 218 MISCELLANEOUS:

Notes on Books, Sales, Catalogues, &c. 222 Books and Odd Volumes Wanted 223 Notices to Correspondents 223 Advertisements 223



While so much has been said of coaches, in the early numbers of "Notes and Queries" and elsewhere, very little notice has been taken of another mode of conveyance which has now become very important. I think it may amuse some of your readers to compare a modern Gravesend boat and passage with the account given by Daniel Defoe, in the year 1724: and as it is contained in what I believe to be one of his least known works, it may probably be new to most of them. In his Great Law of Subordination , after describing the malpractices of hackney coachmen, he proceeds:

"The next are the watermen; and, indeed, the insolence of these, though they are under some limitations too, is yet such at this time, that it stands in greater need than any other, of severe laws, and those laws being put in speedy execution.

"Some years ago, one of these very people being steersman of a passage boat between London and Gravesend, drown'd three and fifty people at one time. The boat was bound from Gravesend to London, was very full of passengers and goods, and deep loaden. The wind blew very hard at south west, which being against them, obliged them to turn to windward, so the seamen call it, when they tack from side to side, to make their voyage against the wind by the help of the tide.

"The passengers were exceedingly frighted when, in one tack stretching over the stream, in a place call'd Long Reach, where the river is very broad, the waves broke in upon the boat, and not only wetted them all, but threw a great deal of water into the boat, and they all begg'd of the steersman or master not to venture again... Continue reading book >>

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