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Notes on Agriculture in Cyprus and Its Products   By:

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NOTES ON AGRICULTURE IN CYPRUS AND ITS PRODUCTS

by

W. BEVAN

Director of Agriculture, Cyprus

1919

All Rights Reserved

CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION 1

I. GENERAL 3

Geographical Features, 3; Climate and Rainfall, 4; Administration, 5; Weights, Measures and Currency, 5

II. AGRICULTURAL CONDITIONS 6

General, 6; Land Tenure and Labour, 6; Tithes and Taxation, 7; Credit and Agricultural Societies, 8; Irrigation, 8; Agricultural Implements, 10; The Agricultural Department, 12; Fungoid Diseases and Insect Pests, 14

III. LIVE STOCK 16

Cattle, 16; Sheep, 17; Goats, 18; Pigs, 19; Camels, 20; Horses, 20; Donkeys, 20; Jennets and Mules, 21; Poultry, 22; Preserved Meats, etc., 23

IV. DAIRY PRODUCE 23

Milk, 23; Cheese, 24; Butter, 27; Xynogala or Yaourti, 27; Trachanas, 28; Kaimaki or Tsippa, 28

V. CROPS AND OTHER PRODUCE OF THE LAND 28

CEREALS 28

Wheat, 31; Barley, 32; Oats, 34; Rye, 35; Maize (Indian Corn), 35; Dari or Millet (Sorghum vulgare), 35

FRUITS 35

Vines and Wines, 36; Citrus fruits, 43; Fig ( Ficus Carica ), 44; Cherries, 45; Banana, 46; Azarol Hawthorn, 46; Melons, 47; Date Palm, 47

NUTS 48

Hazelnuts and Cobnuts or Filberts, 48; Walnuts, 49; Almonds, 49; Spanish Chestnut, 50; Pistacia spp., 50

VEGETABLES 52

Beans and Peas, 53; Potatoes, 55; Kolakas ( Colocasia antiquorum ), 56; Onions, 56

FODDERS AND FEEDING STUFFS 57

Carob Tree, 57; Lucerne ( Medicago sativa ), 61; Vetch ( Vicia Ervilia ), 62; Chickling Vetch ( Lathyrus sativus ), 62; Vetch ( Vicia sativa ), 62; Tares ( Vicia tenuifolia var. stenophylla ), 63; Milk Vetch ( Astragalus ), 63; Moha, Sulla ( Hedysarum ), 63; Teosinte ( Reana luxurians ), 64; Sudan grass, 64; Teff grass ( Eragrostis abyssinica ), 64; Mangold Wurzel, 64; Prickly Pear ( Opuntia ), 65

SPICES 65

Coriander Seed, 65; Aniseed, 66; White Cumin Seed, 66; Black Cumin Seed, 67

ESSENTIAL OILS AND PERFUMES 67

Origanum Oil, 67; Marjoram Oil, 69; Laurel Oil, 69; Otto of Roses, 69; Acacia Farnesiana , 70

OILS AND OIL SEEDS 71

Olives, 71; Sesame Seed, 74; Ground Nut, Peanut or Monkey Nut ( Arachis hypog├Ža ), 75,; Castor oil Seed, 76

FIBRES 77

Cotton, 77; Flax and Linseed, 82; Wool, 83; Hemp, 84; Silk, 85; Mulberry, 91; Agaves and Aloes, 91; Broom Corn, 92

TOBACCO 92

TANNING MATERIALS AND DYE STUFFS 96

Sumach, 97; Valonea, 98; Acacia Barks, 98; Madder, 99

DRUGS AND OTHER PRODUCTS 99

Liquorice Root, 99; Pyrethrum, 100; Squill, 101; Colocynth, 101; Asphodel, 102

VI. MINOR AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIES 102

Bee keeping, 102; Basket making, 104; Fruit and Vegetable Preserving, 104

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

PAGE

SKETCH MAP OF CYPRUS, SHOWING DISTRIBUTION OF CROPS AND FORESTS 2

PLATE

I. FIG. 1. PLOUGHING ON A MOUNTAIN SIDE WITH NATIVE PLOUGH 10

I. FIG. 2. NEWLY PREPARED BEDS IN EXPERIMENTAL GARDENS 10

II. AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS 12

III. FIG. 1. NATIVE BULL 16

III. " 2. NATIVE RAM 16

IV. " 1. CYPRUS PONY 20

IV. " 2. CYPRUS DONKEYS 20

V. " 1. CARTING CORN 29

V. " 2. THRESHING CORN WITH NATIVE THRESHING BOARD 29

VI. PRUNED OLIVE TREES AT METOCHI OF KYKOS 72

VII. FIG. 1. CYPRIOT EARTHENWARE BEEHIVES 103

VII. " 2. SHIPPING FRUIT AT LARNACA 103

NOTES ON AGRICULTURE IN CYPRUS AND ITS PRODUCTS[1]

BY W. BEVAN

Director of Agriculture, Cyprus

The intention of these notes is to make available to those interested in the agriculture of Cyprus some of the information scattered in various reports, leaflets and correspondence not readily accessible to the general public... Continue reading book >>




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