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Notes on the Diplomatic History of the Jewish Question   By: (1857-1930)

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NOTES ON THE DIPLOMATIC HISTORY

OF THE JEWISH QUESTION

NOTES ON

THE DIPLOMATIC HISTORY OF THE JEWISH QUESTION

WITH TEXTS OF PROTOCOLS, TREATY STIPULATIONS AND OTHER PUBLIC ACTS AND OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS

BY LUCIEN WOLF

PUBLISHED BY THE JEWISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF ENGLAND

Mocatta Library and Museum UNIVERSITY COLLEGE ( University of London ) GOWER STREET, LONDON, W.C. 1 1919

All rights reserved

PREFACE.

The substance of this volume was read as a Paper before the Jewish Historical Society of England on February 11, 1918. It has now been expanded and supplied with a full equipment of documents Protocols of Congresses and Conferences, Treaty Stipulations, Diplomatic Correspondence and other public Acts in the hope that it may prove useful as a permanent record, and serviceable to those of our communal organisations whose duty it will be to bring the still unsolved aspects of the Jewish Question before the coming Peace Conference.

Besides helping to indicate the lines on which Jewish action should travel in this matter, the State Papers here quoted may also serve to remind the Plenipotentiaries themselves that the Jewish Question is far from being a subsidiary issue in the Reconstruction of Europe, that they have a great tradition of effort and achievement in regard to it, and that this tradition, apart from the high merits of the task itself, imposes upon them the solemn obligation of solving the Question completely and finally now that the opportunity of doing so presents itself free from all restraints of a selfish and calculating diplomacy. It is not only that the edifice of Religious Liberty in Europe has to be completed, but also that some six millions of human beings have to be freed from political and civil disabilities and social and economic restrictions which for calculated cruelty have no parallels outside the Dark Ages. The Peace Conference will have accomplished relatively little if a shred of this blackest of all European scandals is allowed to survive its deliberations.

This collection does not pretend to be complete. The aim has been only to illustrate adequately the main lines of the theme with a view to practical questions which may arise in connection with the Peace Conference. American documents have been only sparely quoted, for the reason that the American Jewish Historical Society has already published a very full collection of such documents. (Cyrus Adler: "Jews in the Diplomatic Correspondence of the United States.") The many generous interventions of the Vatican on behalf of persecuted Jews have also been omitted partly for a similar reason (see Stern: "Urkundliche Beiträge über die Stellung der Päpste zu den Juden") and partly because they have very little direct bearing on the diplomatic activities of the Great Powers during the period under discussion.

My grateful acknowledgements are due to the Foreign Office for kindly permitting me to copy the documents relating to Palestine, which will be found appended to Chapter IV, and to Lieut. J. B. Morton, who was good enough to relieve me of much of the work of reading the proof sheets. I have also to thank Mr. D. Mitrani for the generous help he gave me in preparing the Index.

L. W.

GRAY'S INN, LONDON.

December 1918.

CONTENTS.

PAGE

I. INTRODUCTION

ON INTERNATIONAL RELIGIOUS LIBERTY GENERALLY 1

II. INTERVENTIONS ON GROUNDS OF HUMANITY 6

( a ) PERSECUTION OF THE JEWS IN BOHEMIA (1744 1745) 7 DOCUMENTS Petition to King George II, 1744 7 Appeal of Bohemian Jews, 1744 9 The Decree of the Empress, 1744 10 Instructions to the British Ambassador in Vienna, 1744 11

( b ) THE CONGRESS OF VIENNA (1815) 12 DOCUMENTS List from Klüber 14 Art... Continue reading book >>




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