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Notice of Runic Inscriptions Discovered during Recent Excavations in the Orkneys   By:

Notice of Runic Inscriptions Discovered during Recent Excavations in the Orkneys by James Anson Farrer

First Page:

MAES HOWE

Printed by R. & R. Clark, Edinburgh.

[Illustration: PLATE I. GENERAL VIEW OF MAESHOWE.]

NOTICE OF RUNIC INSCRIPTIONS DISCOVERED DURING RECENT EXCAVATIONS IN THE ORKNEYS

MADE BY JAMES FARRER, M.P.

PRINTED FOR PRIVATE CIRCULATION 1862

CONTENTS.

PAGE

PREFACE ix

DESCRIPTION OF MAES HOWE 11

THE EXCAVATION OF MAES HOWE 13

BARROWS AT BOOKAN 16 LARGE BARROW CONTAINING GRAVES 17

MOUNDS AT STENNES 18

BARROW AT TENSTONE 19

APPENDIX 21 ORIGIN OF MAES HOWE, AND DATE OF INSCRIPTIONS 21 READINGS OF INSCRIPTIONS 25

LIST OF PLATES.

I. General View of Maes Howe from the N. E. TO FACE TITLE PAGE

II. Interior View of Maes Howe " PAGE 15

III. General Plan and Section of Maes Howe " 20

IV. Plan of Central Chamber, Passages, and Cells " 20

V. Sections of East and West Sides of Chamber " 20

VI. Sections of North and South Sides of Chamber and Passage " 20

The numbers on Plates V. and VI. show the situation of the slabs containing the Runic Inscriptions, which are numbered accordingly.

VII. Inscriptions Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 " 40

VIII. Do. Nos. 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 " 40

IX. Do. Nos. 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 " 40

X. Do. Nos. 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26 " 40

XI. Do. Nos. 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32 " 40

[ The Inscriptions are drawn on a scale of 2 inches to one foot. ]

PREFACE.

As the following pages are intended only for private circulation among friends and acquaintances, and for presentation to those few Public Societies to whom such a subject may be interesting, it is hardly necessary to offer any apology for the many imperfections in the description of Maes howe, which may doubtless be pointed out, and for the brief and cursory manner in which the subject is handled. I desire only to give a plain statement of facts, in the hope that attention may be drawn to this interesting discovery, and possibly some further impetus given to the elucidation of Runic literature. I have received from the learned professors, whose translations are given, much valuable information, of which, however, I can only partially avail myself, in consequence of my very imperfect acquaintance with Runology.

I may add, that every possible care has been taken to ensure accuracy in the drawings. These and the ground plans were made by Mr. Gibb of Aberdeen of whose care and accuracy in the drawings of ancient monuments Mr. Stuart has spoken so strongly in his "Sculptured Stones of Scotland," printed for the Spalding Club. The Runes were mostly drawn by my friend Mr. George Petrie of Kirkwall, and the drawings afterwards compared by Mr. Gibb with the originals in the building of Maes Howe. Two separate sets of casts were made for me by Mr. Henry Laing of Edinburgh (one of which is now in the National Museum of the Antiquaries of Scotland, Edinburgh, and the other in the Museum of the Royal Northern Society of Antiquaries at Copenhagen.) Nothing could exceed the pains taken by Mr. Petrie and Mr. Gibb; and the drawings made by Mr. Gibb were on two occasions collated by him with the casts in Edinburgh, so that I have every reason to believe that they are as perfect representations of the original writings on the walls of Maes Howe as can be hoped for, and not the less so that the gentlemen who made the drawings and collations were unacquainted with Runes... Continue reading book >>




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