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Old Mackinaw Or, The Fortress of the Lakes and its Surroundings   By: (1809-1884)

Book cover

First Page:

[Transcriber's note: Obvious printer's errors have been corrected, all other inconsistencies are as in the original. Author's spelling has been maintained.

Page 312: The amount of barrels is obviously an error of the typographer, but the proper amount not being known, it has been left in place. "It is probable that they are now capable of manufacturing 1,25,000 barrels of flour annually, and this quantity would require 5,625,000 bushels of wheat."

The inconsistencies of the typographer or author for punctuation (or lack of) in amount have not been corrected.

The illustration of the frontispiece did not have any caption, the text has been added while processing this file.]

[Illustration of an Indian woman near a river.]

OLD MACKINAW;

OR,

THE FORTRESS OF THE LAKES

AND

ITS SURROUNDINGS.

BY

W. P. STRICKLAND.

Philadelphia: James Challen & Son,

New York: CARLTON & PORTER. Cincinnati: POE & HITCHCOCK. Chicago: W. H. DOUGHTY. Detroit: PUTNAM, SMITH & CO. Nashville: J. B. McFERRIN.

1860.

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year, 1860, by

JAMES CHALLEN & SON,

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States, in and for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.

PHILADELPHIA: STEREOTYPED BY S. A. GEORGE, 607 SANSOM STREET.

PREFACE.

In the preparation of this volume a large number of works have been consulted, among which the author desires to acknowledge his indebtedness to the following: "The Travels of Baron La Hontan," published in English and French, 1705; "Relations des Jesuits," in three vols., octavo; "Marquette's Journal;" Schoolcraft's works, in three volumes; "Shea's Catholic Missions and Discovery of the Mississippi" "American Annals;" "Lanman's History of Michigan;" "Parkman's Siege of Pontiac;" "Annals of the West;" "Foster and Whitney's Geological Report;" "Ferris' Great West;" "Disturnell's Trip to the Lakes;" "Lanman's Summer in the Wilderness;" "Pietzell's Lights and Shades of Missionary Life;" "Life of Rev. John Clark;" "Lectures before the Historical Society of Michigan;" "Mansfield's Mackinaw City;" "Andrews' Report of Lake Trade;" "Heriot's Canada;" "Presbyterian Missions," &c., &c. He desires particularly to mention the works of Schoolcraft, which have thrown more light on Indian history than the productions of any other author. He also desires to acknowledge his indebtedness to Wm. M. Johnson, Esq., of Mackinac Island, for his valuable contributions to the history of that interesting locality. The statistics in relation to that portion of the country embraced in the work are taken from the most recent sources, and are believed to be perfectly reliable.

We are indebted to J. W. Bradley, of Philadelphia, the publisher of "The North American Indians," for the beautiful frontispiece in this work. Mr. Catlin, the author, visited every noted tribe, and, by residing among them, was initiated into many of their secret and hidden mysteries. It is a valuable work.

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER I. Page

Mackinaw and its surroundings Indian legends Hiawatha Ottawas and Ojibwas Pau pau ke wis San ge man Kau be man An Indian custom Dedication to the spirits Au se gum ugs Exploits of San ge man Point St. Ignatius Magic lance Council of peace Conquests of San ge man. 9

CHAPTER II.

Indian spiritualists Medicine men Legends The spirit world Difference between Indian and modern spiritualists Chusco the spiritualist Schoolcraft's testimony of Mode of communicating with spirits Belief in Satanic agency Interesting account of clairvoyance. 19

CHAPTER III.

Marquette's visit to Iroquois Point Chapel and Fort Old Mackinaw The French settlement in the Northwest Erection of chapel and Fort The gateway of commerce The rendezvous of traders, trappers, soldiers, missionaries, and Indians Description of fort Courriers des Bois Expedition of Marquette and Joliet to explore the Mississippi Green Bay Fox River Wisconsin Mississippi Peoria Indians Return trip Kaskaskia Indians St... Continue reading book >>




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