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The Old Masters and Their Pictures For the Use of Schools and Learners in Art   By: (1827-1914)

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THE OLD MASTERS AND THEIR PICTURES

For the Use of Schools and Learners in Art

BY SARAH TYTLER

AUTHOR OF "PAPERS FOR THOUGHTFUL GIRLS" ETC.

NEW AND ENLARGED EDITION

LONDON ISBISTER AND COMPANY LIMITED 15 & 16 TAVISTOCK STREET COVENT GARDEN 1893

[ The Right of Translation is Reserved ]

LONDON:

PRINTED BY J.S. VIRTUE AND CO., LIMITED, CITY ROAD.

PREFACE TO FIRST EDITION.

I wish to say, in a very few words, that this book is intended to be a simple account of the great Old Masters in painting of every age and country, with descriptions of their most famous works, for the use of learners and outsiders in art. The book is not, and could not well be, exhaustive in its nature. I have avoided definitions of schools, considering that these should form a later and more elaborate portion of art education, and preferring to group my 'painters' according to what I hold to be the primitive arrangements of time, country, and rank in art.

PREFACE TO NEW EDITION.

The restrictions with regard to space under which the little volume called "The Old Masters" was originally written, caused me to omit, to my regret, many names great, though not first, in art. The circulation which the book has attained induces me to do what I can to remedy the defect, and render the volume more useful by adding two chapters the one on Italian and the other on German, Dutch, and Flemish masters. These chapters consist almost entirely of condensed notes taken from two trustworthy sources, to which I have been already much indebted Sir C, and Lady Eastlake's version of Kugler's "Handbook of Italian Art," and Dr. Waagen's "Handbook," remodelled from Kugler of German, Dutch, and Flemish art, revised by J.A. Crowe. I have purposely given numerous records of those Dutch painters whose art has been specially popular in England and who are in some cases better represented in our country than in their own.

CONTENTS.

CHAP. PAGE I. EARLY ITALIAN ART GIOTTO, 1276 1337 ANDREA PISANO, 1280 1345 ORCAGNA, 1315 1376 GHIBERTI, 1381 1455 MASACCIO, 1402 1428 OR 1429 FRA ANGELICO, 1387 1455 1

II. EARLY FLEMISH ART THE VAN EYCKS, 1366 1442 MABUSE, ABOUT 1470 1532 MEMLING, ABOUT 1478 1499 QUINTIN MATSYS, 1460 1530 OR 31 41

III. IN EARLY SCHOOLS OF ITALIAN ART THE BELLINI, 1422 1512 MANTEGNA, 1431 1506 GHIRLANDAJO, 1449 1498 IL FRANCIA, 1450 1518 FRA BARTOLOMMEO, 1469 1517 ANDREA DEL SARTO, 1488 1530 53

IV. LIONARDO DA VINCI. 1452 1519 MICHAEL ANGELO, 1475 1564 RAPHAEL, 1483 1520 TITIAN, 1477 1566 83

V. GERMAN ART ALBRECHT D√úRER, 1471 1528 169

VI. LATER ITALIAN ART GIORGIONE, 1477 1511 CORREGGIO, ABOUT 1493 1534 TINTORETTO, 1512 1594 VERONESE, 1530 1588 181

VII. CARRACCI, 1555 1609 GUIDO RENI, 1575 1642 DOMENICHINO, 1581 1641 SALVATOR ROSA, 1615 1673 212

VIII. LATER FLEMISH ART RUBENS, 1577 1640 REMBRANDT, 1606 OR 1608 1669 TENIERS, FATHER AND SON, 1582 1694 WOUVVERMAN, 1620 1668 CUYP, 1605; STILL LIVING , 1638 PAUL POTTER, 1625 1654 CORNELIUS DE HEEM, 1630 225

IX. SPANISH ART VELASQUEZ, 1599 1660 MURILLO, 1618 1682 260

X. FRENCH ART NICOLAS POUSSIN, 1594 1665 CLAUDE LORRAINE, 1600 1682 CHARLES LE BRUN, 1619 1690 WATTEAU, 1684 1721 GREUZE, 1726 1805 286

XI. FOREIGN ARTISTS IN ENGLAND HOLBEIN, 1494 1543 VAN DYCK, 1599 1641 LELY, 1618 1680 CANALETTO, 1697 1768 KNELLER, 1646 1723 309

XII. ITALIAN MASTERS FROM THE FOURTEENTH TO THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURIES TADDEO GADDI, 1300, SUPPOSED TO HAVE DIED 1366 FRA FILIPPO, 1412 1469 BENOZZO GOZZOLI, 1424 1496 LUCA SIGNORELLI, 1441, SUPPOSED TO HAVE DIED ABOUT 1524 BOTTICELLI, 1447 1515 PERUGINO, 1446 1522 CARPACCIO, DATE AND PLACE OF BIRTH AND DEATH UNKNOWN CRIVELLI, FILIPPINO LIPI, EARLIER THAN 1460 ANTONELLA DA MESSINA, BELIEVED TO HAVE DIED AT VENICE, 1416 GAROPALO, 1481 1559 LUINI, DATE OF BIRTH UNKNOWN, SUPPOSED TO HAVE DIED ABOUT 1530 PALMA, ABOUT 1480 1528 PARDENONE, 1483 1538 LO SPAGNA, DATE OF BIRTH UNKNOWN, 1533 GIULIO ROMANO, 1492 1546 PARIS BORDONE, 1500 1570 IL PARMIGIANINO, 1503 1540 BAROCCIO, 1528 1612 CARAVAGGIO, 1569 1609 LO SPAGNOLETTO, 1593 1656 GUERCINO, 1592 1666 ALBANO, 1578 1660 SASSOFERRATO, 1605 1615 VASARI, 1512 1574 SOFONISBA ANGUISCIOLA, 1535, ABOUT 1626 LAVINIA FONTANA, 1552 1614 364

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