Books Should Be Free is now
Loyal Books
Free Public Domain Audiobooks & eBook Downloads
Search by: Title, Author or Keyword

Our Knowledge of the External World as a Field for Scientific Method in Philosophy   By: (1872-1970)

Our Knowledge of the External World as a Field for Scientific Method in Philosophy by Bertrand Russell

First Page:

[ Transcriber's Notes:

Every effort has been made to replicate this text as faithfully as possible, including inconsistencies in spelling and hyphenation. Some corrections of spelling and punctuation have been made. They are listed at the end of the text.

Italic text has been marked with underscores . Greek text has been transliterated and marked with ~tildes~. ]

OUR KNOWLEDGE OF THE EXTERNAL WORLD

AS A FIELD FOR SCIENTIFIC METHOD IN PHILOSOPHY

BY THE SAME AUTHOR

INTRODUCTION TO MATHEMATICAL PHILOSOPHY Second Edition. Demy 8vo, 12s. 6d. net.

THE ANALYSIS OF MIND Demy 8vo, 16s. net.

PRINCIPLES OF SOCIAL RECONSTRUCTION Seventh Impression. Cr. 8vo, 5s. net; Limp, 3s. 6d. net.

ROADS TO FREEDOM: SOCIALISM, ANARCHISM AND SYNDICALISM Fourth Impression. Cr. 8vo, 5s. net; Limp, 3s. 6d. net.

THE PRACTICE AND THEORY OF BOLSHEVISM Second Impression. Cr. 8vo, 6s. net.

OUR KNOWLEDGE OF THE EXTERNAL WORLD AS A FIELD FOR SCIENTIFIC METHOD IN PHILOSOPHY

BY BERTRAND RUSSELL, F.R.S

LONDON: GEORGE ALLEN & UNWIN LTD RUSKIN HOUSE, 40 MUSEUM STREET, W.C. 1

First published in 1914 by The Open Court Publishing Company

Reissued by George Allen & Unwin Ltd. 1922

PREFACE

The following lectures[1] are an attempt to show, by means of examples, the nature, capacity, and limitations of the logical analytic method in philosophy. This method, of which the first complete example is to be found in the writings of Frege, has gradually, in the course of actual research, increasingly forced itself upon me as something perfectly definite, capable of embodiment in maxims, and adequate, in all branches of philosophy, to yield whatever objective scientific knowledge it is possible to obtain. Most of the methods hitherto practised have professed to lead to more ambitious results than any that logical analysis can claim to reach, but unfortunately these results have always been such as many competent philosophers considered inadmissible. Regarded merely as hypotheses and as aids to imagination, the great systems of the past serve a very useful purpose, and are abundantly worthy of study. But something different is required if philosophy is to become a science, and to aim at results independent of the tastes and temperament of the philosopher who advocates them. In what follows, I have endeavoured to show, however imperfectly, the way by which I believe that this desideratum is to be found.

[1] Delivered as Lowell Lectures in Boston, in March and April 1914.

The central problem by which I have sought to illustrate method is the problem of the relation between the crude data of sense and the space, time, and matter of mathematical physics. I have been made aware of the importance of this problem by my friend and collaborator Dr Whitehead, to whom are due almost all the differences between the views advocated here and those suggested in The Problems of Philosophy .[2] I owe to him the definition of points, the suggestion for the treatment of instants and "things," and the whole conception of the world of physics as a construction rather than an inference . What is said on these topics here is, in fact, a rough preliminary account of the more precise results which he is giving in the fourth volume of our Principia Mathematica .[3] It will be seen that if his way of dealing with these topics is capable of being successfully carried through, a wholly new light is thrown on the time honoured controversies of realists and idealists, and a method is obtained of solving all that is soluble in their problem.

[2] London and New York, 1912 ("Home University Library").

[3] The first volume was published at Cambridge in 1910, the second in 1912, and the third in 1913.

The speculations of the past as to the reality or unreality of the world of physics were baffled, at the outset, by the absence of any satisfactory theory of the mathematical infinite... Continue reading book >>




eBook Downloads
ePUB eBook
• iBooks for iPhone and iPad
• Nook
• Sony Reader
Kindle eBook
• Mobi file format for Kindle
Read eBook
• Load eBook in browser
Text File eBook
• Computers
• Windows
• Mac

Review this book



Popular Genres
More Genres
Languages
Paid Books