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Outspoken Essays   By: (1860-1954)

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First Page:

OUTSPOKEN ESSAYS

BY

WILLIAM RALPH INGE, C.V.O., D.D.

DEAN OF ST. PAUL'S

FIFTH IMPRESSION

LONGMANS, GREEN, AND CO 39 PATERNOSTER ROW, LONDON FOURTH AVENUE & 30TH STREET, NEW YORK BOMBAY, CALCUTTA, AND MADRAS

1920

PREFACE

All the Essays in this volume, except the first, have appeared in the Edinburgh Review , the Quarterly Review , or the Hibbert Journal . I have to thank the Publishers and Editors of those Reviews for their courtesy in permitting me to reprint them. The articles on The Birth Rate, The Future of the English Race, Bishop Gore and the Church of England , and Cardinal Newman are from the Edinburgh Review ; those on Patriotism, Catholic Modernism, St. Paul , and The Indictment against Christianity are from the Quarterly Review ; those on Institutionalism and Mysticism and Survival and Immortality from the Hibbert Journal . I have not attempted to remove all traces of overlapping, which I hope may be pardoned in essays written independently of each other; but a few repetitions have been excised.

CONTENTS

PAGE

I. OUR PRESENT DISCONTENTS 1

II. PATRIOTISM 35

III. THE BIRTH RATE 59

IV. THE FUTURE OF THE ENGLISH RACE 82

V. BISHOP GORE AND THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND 106

VI. ROMAN CATHOLIC MODERNISM 137

VII. CARDINAL NEWMAN 172

VIII. ST. PAUL 205

IX. INSTITUTIONALISM AND MYSTICISM 230

X. THE INDICTMENT AGAINST CHRISTIANITY 243

XI. SURVIVAL AND IMMORTALITY 266

Photera theleist soi malthaka pseydhê lhegô, hê sklhêr' alêthhê; phrhaze, shê gar hê krhisist.

Euripides .

The case of historical writers is hard; for if they tell the truth they provoke man, and if they write what is false they offend God. Matthew Paris .

Quattuor sunt maxime comprehendendae veritatis offendicula; videlicet, fragilis et indignae auctoritatis exemplum, consuetudinis diuturnitas, vulgi sensus imperiti, et propriae ignorantiae occultatio cum ostentatione sapientiae superioris. Roger Bacon .

Iudicio perpende; et si tibi vera videntur, Dede manus; aut si falsum est, accingere contra.

Lucretius .

Eventu rerum stolidi didicere magistro.

Claudian .

'All' hê toi men tahyta thehôn en gohynasi kehitai.

Homer .

I

OUR PRESENT DISCONTENTS

(AUGUST, 1919)

The Essays in this volume were written at various times before and during the Great War. In reading them through for republication, I have to ask myself whether my opinions on social science and on the state of religion, the two subjects which are mainly dealt with in this collection, have been modified by the greatest calamity which has ever befallen the civilised world, or by the issue of the struggle. I find very little that I should now wish to alter. The war has caused events to move faster, but in the same direction as before. The social revolution has been hurried on; the inevitable counter revolution has equally been brought nearer. For if there is one safe generalisation in human affairs, it is that revolutions always destroy themselves. How often have fanatics proclaimed 'the year one'! But no revolutionary era has yet reached 'year twenty five.' As regards the national character, there is no sign, I fear, that much wisdom has been learnt. We are more wasteful and reckless than ever. The doctrinaire democrat still vapours about democracy, though representative government has obviously lost both its power and its prestige. The labour party still hugs its comprehensive assortment of economic heresies. Organised religion remains as impotent as it was before the war. But one fact has emerged with startling clearness. Human nature has not been changed by civilisation. It has neither been levelled up nor levelled down to an average mediocrity... Continue reading book >>




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