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The Pecan and its Culture   By: (1875-1965)

Book cover

First Page:

[Illustration: PECAN NUTS uniform in size, color and shape. Variety, Curtis.]

THE PECAN

AND

ITS CULTURE

BY

H. HAROLD HUME

PETERSBURG, VIRGINIA THE AMERICAN FRUIT AND NUT JOURNAL 1906

Copyright, 1906. By H. HAROLD HUME.

CONTENTS.

PART I.

Introduction. Botany.

CHAPTER I. Commercial and Ornamental Importance of the Pecan.

CHAPTER II. Native and Cultivated Range.

CHAPTER III. Pecan Botany.

PART II.

Varieties.

CHAPTER IV. Varieties.

CHAPTER V. Pecan Judging.

PART III.

Cultural.

CHAPTER VI. Propagation of the Pecan.

CHAPTER VII. Top working Pecans.

CHAPTER VIII. Soils and their Preparation.

CHAPTER IX. What Varieties to Plant.

CHAPTER X. Purchasing and Planting Pecans.

CHAPTER XI. Cultivation and Fertilization.

CHAPTER XII. Pruning.

PART IV.

Harvesting. Marketing.

CHAPTER XIII. Gathering, Storing and Marketing Pecans.

PART V.

Diseases. Insects.

CHAPTER XIV. Fungous and other Diseases of the Pecan.

CHAPTER XV. Insects Attacking the Pecan.

PART VI.

Uses. Literature.

CHAPTER XVI. Pecan Kernels.

CHAPTER XVII. Literature.

ILLUSTRATIONS.

PLATES. Page

Frontispiece, 2

An avenue shaded by pecan trees, 13

Pecan flowers, 21

A pecan nursery, 71

Budding tools, 73

A two year top worked pecan tree, 85

An old pecan tree top worked, 88

The pecan bud moth, 136

The case worm, 139

A pecan catocala, 141

FIGURES.

Approximate pecan areas, 17

Money maker, Post, San Saba, Bacon, 29

Curtis pecan, 32

Mammoth, Dalzell, Kennedy, 33

Frotscher pecan, 35

Georgia pecan, 36

Schaifer, Ideal, Ladyfinger, Atlanta, 41

Mantura pecan, 43

Pabst pecan, 46

Russell, Franklin, Kincaid, 49

Schley pecan, 51

Stuart pecan, 52

Success pecan, 53

Van Deman pecan, 55

Nussbaumer, 58

H. minima and two hybrids, 59

Schneck hybrid, 60

Grafting iron, Budding knife, 72

Scions, 76

Annular budding, 78

Veneer shield budding, 79

Chip budding, 80

Cleft grafting, Whip grafting, 81

One year pecan in fruit, 82

Pecan tree grown on quicksand, 90

View of bud union, 99

View of whip graft, 100

Annular bud, 101

Rectangular planting system, 104

Hexagonal planting system, 105

Planting board, 107

A nursery tree with good root system, 119

Taproot cut and uncut, 120

Spraying pecan trees, 131

Nut crackers of different types, 149

Woodson's power kernel extractor, 151

PREFACE.

In the horticultural development of the country, new fruits, new groups of fruits, new fruit industries are coming into prominence. Our native fruits in particular are now receiving, in many parts of the country, a larger share of the attention which they have always merited, and none has proven itself more worthy of careful study and painstaking care than the pecan.

Within the last ten or fifteen years it has rapidly emerged from a wild or semi wild condition to the status of an orchard nut. The foundations of its culture were laid a considerable time ago, but only now is it coming to its own, its well merited standing among the fruits of the country.

In any horticultural industry many questions must be asked of the plant, the soil, the climate, in short, of the plant in its environment... Continue reading book >>




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