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Political Recollections 1840 to 1872   By: (1817-1899)

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Transcriber's notes:

Names have been corrected. "Indianians" changed to "Indianans".

LoC call number: E415.7.J9 1969


1840 to 1872.



Originally Published in Chicago 1884


First Mnemosyne reprinting 1969 Reprinted from a copy in the Fisk University Library Negro Collection Copyright ©1969 Mnemosyne Publishing Co., Inc. Miami, Florida Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 78 83885


The following chapters are devoted mainly to facts and incidents connected with the development of anti slavery politics from the year 1840 to the close of the work of Reconstruction which followed the late civil war. Other topics, however, are occasionally noticed, while I have deemed it proper to state my own attitude and course of action respecting various public questions, and to refer more particularly to the political strifes of my own State. In doing this, I have spoken freely of conspicuous personalities in connection with their public action, or their peculiar relations to myself; but my aim has been to deal fairly and state only the truth, while striving to weave into my story some reminiscences of the men and events of by gone times, which may interest the reader. In the endeavor to elucidate the orderly progress of anti slavery opinions and their translation into organized action, I have summarized and re stated many of the familiar facts of current American politics during the period embraced; but I hope I have also made a slight contribution to the sources of history bearing upon a world famous movement, touching which we should "gather up the fragments that nothing be lost."

G. W. J.


CHAPTER I. THE HARRISON CAMPAIGN THE BEGINNING OF ANTI SLAVERY POLITICS. The "Hard cider" Frolic of 1840 The Issues Swartwout and Political Corruption The Demand for a Change Character of Gen. Harrison Personal Defamation Mass meetings and Songs Crushing Defeat of the Democrats First Appearance of the Slavery Issue in Politics Pro slavery Attitude of Harrison and Van Buren Events favoring the Growth of Anti slavery Opinion Clay and Mendenhall Texas' Annexation and John Tyler.

CHAPTER II. CAMPAIGN OF 1844 ANNEXATION AND SLAVERY. The Nomination of Clay His Position on the Slavery Question and Annexation Van Buren's Letter to Hammett, and its Effect upon the South His Repudiation, and the Nomination of Polk The Surprise of the Country Unbounded Confidence of the Whigs The Course of the New York Democrats The "Kane Letter" Trouble among the Whigs on the Annexation Question Fierceness of the Contest, and singular Ability of the Leaders The Effect of Clay's Defeat upon the Whigs Causes of the Defeat The Abolitionists, and the Abuse heaped upon them Cassius M. Clay Mr. Hoar's Mission to South Carolina Election of John P. Hale Annexation, and War with Mexico Polk's Message, and the Wilmot Proviso The Oregon Question, and Alex. H. Stephens.

CHAPTER III. CAMPAIGN OF 1848 ITS INCIDENTS AND RESULTS. Approach of another Presidential Campaign Party Divisions threatened by the Wilmot Proviso Nomination of Gen. Cass The "Nicholson Letter" Democratic Division in New York Nomination of Gen. Taylor Whig Divisions Birth of the Free Soil Party Buffalo Convention Nomination of Van Buren and Adams Difficulty of uniting on Van Buren Incidents Rev. Joshua Leavitt Work of the Campaign Webster and Free Soil Greeley and Seward Abuse of Whig Bolters Remarkable Results of the Canvass.

CHAPTER IV. REMINISCENCES OF THE THIRTY FIRST CONGRESS. Novel Political Complications Compromise Measures First Election to Congress Sketch of the "Immortal Nine" The Speakership and Wm. J. Brown Gen. Taylor and the Wilmot Proviso Slaveholding Bluster Compromise Resolutions of Clay and Retreat of Northern Whigs Visit to Gen. Taylor To Mr. Clay His Speeches Webster's Seventh of March Speech Calhoun Speech on the Slavery Question... Continue reading book >>

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