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The Position of Woman in Primitive Society A Study of the Matriarchy   By: (1867-1928)

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THE POSITION OF WOMAN IN PRIMITIVE SOCIETY

BY THE SAME AUTHOR

THE TRUTH ABOUT WOMAN

BOOKS ON ART

A RECORD OF SPANISH PAINTING THE PRADO (Spanish Series) EL GRECO " VELAZQUEZ " PICTURES IN THE TATE GALLERY

BOOKS ON SPAIN

MOORISH CITIES IN SPAIN THINGS SEEN IN SPAIN SPAIN REVISITED: A SUMMER HOLIDAY IN GALICIA SANTIAGO DE COMPOSTELA (MediƦval Towns' Series) CATHEDRALS OF SOUTHERN AND EASTERN SPAIN

THE POSITION OF WOMAN IN PRIMITIVE SOCIETY

A STUDY OF THE MATRIARCHY

BY C. GASQUOINE HARTLEY (MRS. WALTER M. GALLICHAN) AUTHOR OF "THE TRUTH ABOUT WOMAN."

LONDON EVELEIGH NASH 1914

DEDICATION

TO ALL WOMEN

"Be not ashamed, women, your privilege includes the rest.... You are the gates of the body, you are the gates of the soul.... And I say it is as great to be a woman as to be a man. And I say there is nothing greater than the mother of men."

WALT WHITMAN.

7 Carlton Terrace, Child's Hill. 1914.

CONTENTS

PART I

THE PRIMITIVE FAMILY

CHAP. PAGE

I INTRODUCTORY 11

II AN EXPOSITION OF BACHOFEN'S THEORY OF THE MATRIARCHATE 26

III DIFFICULTIES AND OBJECTIONS: AN ATTEMPT TO RECONCILE MOTHER RIGHT WITH THE PATRIARCHAL THEORY 45

IV DEVELOPMENT IN THE PATRIARCHAL FAMILY AND THE RISE OF MOTHER POWER 67

PART II

THE MOTHER AGE CIVILISATION

V THE MATRIARCHAL FAMILY AMONG THE AMERICAN INDIANS 95

VI THE MATERNAL FAMILY AMONG THE KHASIS 132

VII FURTHER EXAMPLES OF THE MATERNAL FAMILY 147

VIII MOTHER RIGHT CUSTOMS AND THE TRANSITION TO FATHER RIGHT 166

IX WOMEN AND PRIMITIVE INDUSTRY 192

X TRACES OF MOTHER RIGHT CUSTOMS IN ANCIENT AND MODERN CIVILISATION 209

XI THE SURVIVALS OF MOTHER RIGHT IN FOLK LORE, IN HEROIC LEGENDS, AND IN FAIRY STORIES 235

XII CONCLUDING REMARKS 253

PART I

THE PRIMITIVE FAMILY

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTORY

The twentieth century is the age of Woman; some day, it may be that it will be looked back upon as the golden age, the dawn, some say, of feminine civilisation. We cannot estimate as yet; and no man can tell what forces these new conditions may not release in the soul of woman. The modern change is that the will of woman is asserting itself. Women are looking for a satisfactory life, which is to be determined from within themselves, not from without by others. The result is a discontent that may well prove to be the seed or spring of further changes in a society which has yet to find its normal organisation. Yes, women are finding themselves, and men are discovering what women mean.

In the present time we are passing through a difficult period of transition. There are conditions of change that have to be met, the outcome of which it is very difficult to appreciate. A transformation in the thought and conduct of women, for which the term "revolution" is not too strong, is taking place around us; doubtless many experimental phases will be tried before we reach a new position of equilibrium.

This must be. There can be no life without movement.

The expression, "a transition period," is, of course, only relative. We often say: This or that is a sign of the present era; and, nine times out of ten, the thing we believe to be new is in reality as old as the world itself... Continue reading book >>




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