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Practical Ethics   By: (1858-1917)

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Transcriber's Notes: Text in italics in the original is surrounded by underscores . Text in bold in the original is surrounded by plus signs. A complete set of corrections follows the text.

PRACTICAL ETHICS

BY

WILLIAM DEWITT HYDE, D. D. President of Bowdoin College

NEW YORK HENRY HOLT AND COMPANY

COPYRIGHT, 1892, BY HENRY HOLT & CO.

THE MERSHON COMPANY PRESS, RAHWAY, N. J.

PREFACE.

The steady stream of works on ethics during the last ten years, rising almost to a torrent within the past few months, renders it necessary for even the tiniest rill to justify its slender contribution to the already swollen flood.

On the one hand treatises abound which are exhaustive in their presentation of ethical theory. On the other hand books are plenty which give good moral advice with great elaborateness of detail. Each type of work has its place and function. The one is excellent mental gymnastic for the mature; the other admirable emotional pabulum for the childish mind. Neither, however, is adapted both to satisfy the intellect and quicken the conscience at that critical period when the youth has put away childish things and is reaching out after manly and womanly ideals.

The book which shall meet this want must have theory; yet the theory must not be made obtrusive, nor stated too abstractly. The theory must be deeply imbedded in the structure of the work; and must commend itself, not by metaphysical deduction from first principles, but by its ability to comprehend in a rational and intelligible order the concrete facts with which conduct has to do.

Such a book must be direct and practical. It must contain clear cut presentation of duties to be done, virtues to be cultivated, temptations to be overcome, and vices to be shunned: yet this must be done, not by preaching and exhortation, but by showing the place these things occupy in a coherent system of reasoned knowledge.

Such a blending of theory and practice, of faith and works, is the aim and purpose of this book.

The only explicit suggestions of theory are in the introduction (which should not be taken as the first lesson) and in the last two chapters. Religion is presented as the consummation, rather than the foundation of ethics; and the brief sketch of religion in the concluding chapter is confined to those broad outlines which are accepted, with more or less explicitness, by Jew and Christian, Catholic and Protestant, Orthodox and Liberal. WILLIAM DEWITT HYDE.

BOWDOIN COLLEGE, BRUNSWICK, ME. May 10, 1892.

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER PAGE

INTRODUCTION, 1

I. FOOD AND DRINK, 9

II. DRESS, 19

III. EXERCISE, 25

IV. WORK, 32

V. PROPERTY, 40

VI. EXCHANGE, 46

VII. KNOWLEDGE, 53

VIII. TIME, 60

IX. SPACE, 65

X. FORTUNE, 70

XI. NATURE, 81

XII. ART, 89

XIII. ANIMALS, 98

XIV. FELLOW MEN, 104

XV. THE POOR, 117

XVI. WRONGDOERS, 127

XVII. FRIENDS, 137

XVIII. FAMILY, 144

XIX. STATE, 157

XX. SOCIETY, 167

XXI. SELF, 179

XXII. GOD, 194

OUTLINE OF PRACTICAL ETHICS

SEE LAST PARAGRAPH OF INTRODUCTION.

==================================================================== Object. Duty. Virtue. Reward. ... Continue reading book >>




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