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The Principles of Gothic Ecclesiastical Architecture, Elucidated by Question and Answer, 4th ed.   By: (1805-1888)

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Transcriber's Note

A number of typographical errors found in the original text have been maintained in this version. They are marked in the text with a [TN ]. A description of each error is found in the complete list at the end of the text.

The oe ligatures used in the original text have been expanded to "oe" in this version.

The following codes are used for characters which cannot be represented in the character set used for this version of the book.

[=mn] mn with a macron over the two letters [=om] om with a macron over the two letters [=on] on with a macron over the two letters [=re] re with a macron over the two letters

Some footnotes in the original were marked with a dagger. The dagger is represented by a in this version of the text.

"Whereby may be discerned that so fervent was the zeal of those elder times to God's service and honour, that they freely endowed the church with some part of their possessions; and that in those good works even the meaner sort of men, as well as the pious founders, were not backwards."

Dugdale's Antiq. Warwickshire.

[Illustration]

THE

PRINCIPLES

OF

GOTHIC

ECCLESIASTICAL

ARCHITECTURE,

ELUCIDATED BY QUESTION AND ANSWER.

BY MATTHEW HOLBECHE BLOXAM.

FOURTH EDITION.

OXFORD: JOHN HENRY PARKER.

PREFACE.

In revising this Work for a Fourth Edition several alterations have been made, especially in the Concluding Chapter; and the whole has been considerably enlarged.

M. H. B.

Rugby, April 1841.

CONTENTS.

Page CHAP. I. Definition of Gothic Architecture; its Origin, and Division of it into Styles 17

CHAP. II. Of the different Kinds of Arches 22

CHAP. III. Of the Anglo Saxon Style 30

CHAP. IV. Of the Norman or Anglo Norman Style 51

CHAP. V. Of the Semi Norman Style 74

CHAP. VI. Of the Early English Style 86

CHAP. VII. Of the Decorated English Style 102

CHAP. VIII. Of the Florid or Perpendicular English Style 120

CHAP. IX. Of the Debased English Style 145

CONCLUDING CHAPTER. Of the Internal Arrangement and Decorations of a Church 153

CORRECTIONS AND ADDITIONS.

Page 41, line 9, for Cambridge, read Lincoln.

Page 49. In addition to the list of churches containing presumed vestiges of Anglo Saxon architecture, Woodstone Church, Huntingdonshire, and Miserden Church, Gloucestershire, may be enumerated.

Page 71. The double ogee moulding is here inserted by mistake: it is not Norman, but of the fifteenth century.

Page 137. In some copies the wood cut in this page has been reversed in its position.

[Illustration: Two Arches of Roman Masonry, Leicester.]

INTRODUCTION.

ON THE ORIGIN, PROGRESS, AND DECLINE OF GOTHIC OR ENGLISH ECCLESIASTICAL ARCHITECTURE.

Amongst the vestiges of antiquity which abound in this country, are the visible memorials of those nations which have succeeded one another in the occupancy of this island. To the age of our Celtic ancestors, the earliest possessors of its soil, is ascribed the erection of those altars and temples of all but primeval antiquity, the Cromlechs and Stone Circles which lie scattered over the land; and these are conceived to have been derived from the Phoenicians, whose merchants first introduced amongst the aboriginal Britons the arts of incipient civilization. Of these most ancient relics the prototypes appear, as described in Holy Writ, in the pillar raised at Bethel by Jacob, in the altars erected by the Patriarchs, and in the circles of stone set up by Moses at the foot of Mount Sinai, and by Joshua at Gilgal... Continue reading book >>




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