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Prisoners of Poverty Abroad   By: (1839-1918)

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First Page:

PRISONERS OF POVERTY ABROAD.

BY HELEN CAMPBELL,

AUTHOR OF "PRISONERS OF POVERTY," "THE WHAT TO DO CLUB," "MRS. HERNDON'S INCOME," "MISS MELINDA'S OPPORTUNITY," "ROGER BERKELEY'S PROBATION."

BOSTON: ROBERTS BROTHERS. 1889.

Copyright, 1889,

BY HELEN CAMPBELL.

University Press:

JOHN WILSON AND SON, CAMBRIDGE.

"But laying hands on another To coin his labor and sweat, He goes in pawn to his victim For eternal years in debt."

TO

F. W. P.

THE FRIEND IN WHOM JUSTICE AND TRUTH ARE SO DEEPLY IMPLANTED THAT BOTH ARE INSTINCTS,

AND WHOSE MANHOOD HOLDS THE PROMISE OF WORK THAT WILL GO FAR TOWARD FULFILLING THE DEEPEST WISH OF THE GENERATION TO WHICH THE MAKER OF THESE PAGES BELONGS.

PREFACE.

The studies which follow, the result of fifteen months' observation abroad, deal directly with the workers in all trades open to women, though, from causes explained in the opening chapter, less from the side of actual figures than the preceding volume, the material for which was gathered in New York. But as months have gone on, it has become plain that many minds are also at work, the majority on the statistical side of the question, and that the ethical one is that which demands no less attention. Both are essential to understanding and to effort in any practical direction, and this is recognized more and more as organization brings together for consultation the women who, having long felt deeply, are now learning to think and act effectually. These pages are for them, and mean simply another side light on the labor question, the question in which all other modern problems are tangled, and whose solving waits only the larger light whose first gleams are already plain to see.

HELEN CAMPBELL.

HEIDELBERG, GERMANY,

October, 1888.

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER PAGE

I. BOTH SIDES OF THE SEA 7

II. IN TRAFALGAR SQUARE 19

III. THE SWEATING SYSTEM IN GENERAL 31

IV. AMONG THE SWEATERS 42

V. CHILD OF THE EAST END 54

VI. AMONG THE DRESSMAKERS 66

VII. NELLY, A WEST END MILLINER'S APPRENTICE 77

VIII. LONDON SHIRT MAKERS 90

IX. THE TALE OF A BARROW 100

X. STREET TRADES AMONG WOMEN 112

XI. LONDON SHOP GIRLS 122

XII. FROM COVENT GARDEN TO THE EEL SOUP MAN IN THE BOROUGH 131

XIII. WOMEN IN GENERAL TRADES 155

XIV. FRENCH AND ENGLISH WORKERS 167

XV. FRENCH BARGAIN COUNTERS 176

XVI. THE CITY OF THE SUN 184

XVII. DRESSMAKERS AND MILLINERS IN PARIS 194

XVIII. A SILK WEAVER OF PARIS 203

XIX. IN THE RUE JEANNE D'ARC 214

XX. FROM FRANCE TO ITALY 224

XXI. PRESENT AND FUTURE 234

PRISONERS OF POVERTY ABROAD.

CHAPTER I.

BOTH SIDES OF THE SEA.

With the ending of the set of studies among the working women of New York, begun in the early autumn of 1886 and continued through several months of 1887, came the desire to know something of comparative conditions abroad, and thus be better able to answer questions constantly put, as to the actual status of women as workers, and of their probable future in these directions. There were many additional reasons for continuing a search, in itself a heart sickening and utterly repellant task. One by one, the trades open to women, over ninety in number, had given in their returns, some of the higher order meaning good wages, steady work and some chance of bettering conditions... Continue reading book >>




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