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The Romanization of Roman Britain   By: (1860-1919)

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First Page:

THE ROMANIZATION OF ROMAN BRITAIN

by

F. HAVERFIELD

Second Edition, Greatly Enlarged With Twenty One Illustrations

Oxford at the Clarendon Press

1912

[Illustration: HEAD OF GORGON, FROM THE PEDIMENT OF THE TEMPLE OF SUL MINERVA AT BATH (1/7). (SEE PAGE 42.)]

Henry Frowde Publisher to the University of Oxford London, Edinburgh, New York Toronto And Melbourne

PREFACE

The following paper was originally read to the British Academy in 1905, and published in the second Volume of its Proceedings (pp. 185 217) and in a separate form (London, Frowde). The latter has been sometime out of print, and, as there was apparently some demand for a reprint, the Delegates of the Press have consented to issue a revised and enlarged edition. I have added considerably to both text and illustrations and corrected where it seemed necessary, and I have endeavoured so to word the matter that the text, though not the footnotes, can be read by any one who is interested in the subject, without any special knowledge of Latin.

F. HAVERFIELD.

OXFORD, April 22, 1912

CONTENTS

CHAPTER

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

1. THE ROMANIZATION OF THE EMPIRE

2. PRELIMINARY REMARKS ON ROMAN BRITAIN

3. ROMANIZATION OF BRITAIN IN LANGUAGE

4. ROMANIZATION IN MATERIAL CIVILIZATION

5. ROMANIZATION IN ART

6. ROMANIZATION IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND LAND SYSTEM

7. CHRONOLOGY OF THE ROMANIZATION

8. THE SEQUEL, THE CELTIC REVIVAL IN THE LATER EMPIRE

INDEX

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

FIG.

Head of Gorgon from Bath. (From a photograph) Frontispiece

1. The Civil and Military Districts of Britain

2, 3, and 4. Inscribed tiles from Silchester. (From photographs)

5. Inscribed tile from Silchester. (From a drawing by Sir E. M. Thompson)

6. Inscribed tile from Plaxtol, Kent, and reconstruction of lettering. (From photographs)

7. Ground plans of Romano British Temples. (From Archaeologia )

8. Ground plan of Corridor House, Frilford. (From plan by Sir A. J. Evans)

9. Ground plan of Roman House at Northleigh, Oxfordshire

10. Plan of a part of Silchester, showing the arrangement of the private houses and the Forum and Christian Church. (From Archaeologia )

11. Painted pattern on wall plaster at Silchester.(Restoration by G. E. Fox in Archaeologia )

12. Plan of British Village at Din Lligwy. (From Archaeologia Cambrensis )

13. Late Celtic Metal Work in the British Museum.(From a photograph)

14. Fragments of New Forest pottery with leaf patterns. (From Archaeologia )

15. Urns of Castor Ware. (From photographs)

16. Hunting Scenes from Castor Ware. (From Artis, Durobrivae )

17. Fragment of Castor Ware showing Hercules and Hesione. (After C. R. Smith)

18. The Corbridge Lion. (From a photograph)

19. Dragon brooches. (From a drawing by C. J. Praetorius)

20. Inscription from Caerwent illustrating Cantonal Government. (From a drawing)

21. Ogam inscription from Silchester. (From a drawing by C. J. Praetorius)

Note. For the blocks of the frontispiece, of Figs. 3, 5, 15, 16, I am indebted to the editor and publishers of the Victoria County History. Figs. 6, 11, 14, 20, 21, are reproduced from Archaeologia and the Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries . For the block of Fig. 10 I have to thank the Royal Institute of British Architects; for the block of Fig. 18, the Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies.

CHAPTER I

THE ROMANIZATION OF THE EMPIRE

Historians seldom praise the Roman Empire. They regard it as a period of death and despotism, from which political freedom and creative genius and the energies of the speculative intellect were all alike excluded. There is, unquestionably, much truth in this judgement. The world of the Empire was indeed, as Mommsen has called it, an old world. Behind it lay the dreams and experiments, the self convicted follies and disillusioned wisdom of many centuries... Continue reading book >>




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