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Russia   By: (1841-1919)

Book cover

First Page:

RUSSIA

by Donald Mackenzie Wallace

Copyright 1905

Contents

Preface

CHAPTER I

TRAVELLING IN RUSSIA

Railways State Interference River Communications Russian "Grand Tour" The Volga Kazan Zhigulinskiya Gori Finns and Tartars The Don Difficulties of Navigation Discomforts Rats Hotels and Their Peculiar Customs Roads Hibernian Phraseology Explained Bridges Posting A Tarantass Requisites for Travelling Travelling in Winter Frostbitten Disagreeable Episodes Scene at a Post Station.

CHAPTER II

IN THE NORTHERN FORESTS

Bird's eye View of Russia The Northern Forests Purpose of my Journey Negotiations The Road A Village A Peasant's House Vapour Baths Curious Custom Arrival.

CHAPTER III

VOLUNTARY EXILE

Ivanofka History of the Place The Steward of the Estate Slav and Teutonic Natures A German's View of the Emancipation Justices of the Peace New School of Morals The Russian Language Linguistic Talent of the Russians My Teacher A Big Dose of Current History.

CHAPTER IV

THE VILLAGE PRIEST

Priests' Names Clerical Marriages The White and the Black Clergy Why the People do not Respect the Parish Priests History of the White Clergy The Parish Priest and the Protestant Pastor In What Sense the Russian People are Religious Icons The Clergy and Popular Education Ecclesiastical Reform Premonitory Symptoms of Change Two Typical Specimens of the Parochial Clergy of the Present Day.

CHAPTER V

A MEDICAL CONSULTATION

Unexpected Illness A Village Doctor Siberian Plague My Studies Russian Historians A Russian Imitator of Dickens A ci devant Domestic Serf Medicine and Witchcraft A Remnant of Paganism Credulity of the Peasantry Absurd Rumours A Mysterious Visit from St. Barbara Cholera on Board a Steamer Hospitals Lunatic Asylums Amongst Maniacs.

CHAPTER VI

A PEASANT FAMILY OF THE OLD TYPE

Ivan Petroff His Past Life Co operative Associations Constitution of a Peasant's Household Predominance of Economic Conceptions over those of Blood relationship Peasant Marriages Advantages of Living in Large Families Its Defects Family Disruptions and their Consequences.

CHAPTER VII

THE PEASANTRY OF THE NORTH

Communal Land System of Agriculture Parish Fetes Fasting Winter Occupations Yearly Migrations Domestic Industries Influence of Capital and Wholesale Enterprise The State Peasants Serf dues Buckle's "History of Civilisation" A precocious Yamstchik "People Who Play Pranks" A Midnight Alarm The Far North.

CHAPTER VIII

THE MIR, OR VILLAGE COMMUNITY

Social and Political Importance of the Mir The Mir and the Family Compared Theory of the Communal System Practical Deviations from the Theory The Mir a Good Specimen of Constitutional Government of the Extreme Democratic Type The Village Assembly Female Members The Elections Distribution of the Communal Land.

CHAPTER IX

HOW THE COMMUNE HAS BEEN PRESERVED, AND WHAT IT IS TO EFFECT IN THE FUTURE

Sweeping Reforms after the Crimean War Protest Against the Laissez Faire Principle Fear of the Proletariat English and Russian Methods of Legislation Contrasted Sanguine Expectations Evil Consequences of the Communal System The Commune of the Future Proletariat of the Towns The Present State of Things Merely Temporary.

CHAPTER X

FINNISH AND TARTAR VILLAGES

A Finnish Tribe Finnish Villages Various Stages of Russification Finnish Women Finnish Religions Method of "Laying" Ghosts Curious Mixture of Christianity and Paganism Conversion of the Finns A Tartar Village A Russian Peasant's Conception of Mahometanism A Mahometan's View of Christianity Propaganda The Russian Colonist Migrations of Peoples During the Dark Ages.

CHAPTER XI

LORD NOVGOROD THE GREAT

Departure from Ivanofka and Arrival at Novgorod The Eastern Half of the Town The Kremlin An Old Legend The Armed Men of Rus The Northmen Popular Liberty in Novgorod The Prince and the Popular Assembly Civil Dissensions and Faction fights The Commercial Republic Conquered by the Muscovite Tsars Ivan the Terrible Present Condition of the Town Provincial Society Card playing Periodicals "Eternal Stillness... Continue reading book >>




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