Books Should Be Free is now
Loyal Books
Free Public Domain Audiobooks & eBook Downloads
Search by: Title, Author or Keyword

Samoa, A Hundred Years Ago And Long Before   By:

Book cover

First Page:

[Transcriber's note: In this version, diacritical markings not in the ISO 8859 1 character set have been discarded. To see them, use the Unicode version of this eBook.]

[Illustration: SAMOAN WOMAN IN COSTUME OF THE PAST.]

SAMOA

A HUNDRED YEARS AGO AND LONG BEFORE.

BY

GEORGE TURNER, LL.D.

OF THE LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY.

FIRST PRINTED LONDON 1884

Reprinted by Institute of Pacific Studies University of the South Pacific 1984

[Illustration: Samoa London: Macmillan & Co.]

[Illustration: SAMOAN MAN IN COSTUME OF THE PAST.]

CONTENTS

CHAPTER I.

POSITION OF THE ISLANDS EARLY VISITORS AND TRADITIONARY ORIGIN

CHAPTER II.

SAMOA ORIGIN OF THE NAME

CHAPTER III.

A FUTURE STATE RELIGION, ETC.

CHAPTER IV.

GODS SUPERIOR WAR AND GENERAL VILLAGE GODS

CHAPTER V.

GODS INFERIOR, OR HOUSEHOLD GODS

CHAPTER VI.

THE PEOPLE INFANCY AND CHILDHOOD

CHAPTER VII.

ADULT AND ADVANCED YEARS

CHAPTER VIII.

FOOD COOKING LIQUORS

CHAPTER IX.

CLOTHING

CHAPTER X.

AMUSEMENTS

CHAPTER XI.

MORTALITY, LONGEVITY, DISEASES, ETC.

CHAPTER XII.

DEATH AND BURIAL

CHAPTER XIII.

HOUSES

CHAPTER XIV.

CANOES

CHAPTER XV.

ARTICLES OF MANUFACTURE

CHAPTER XVI.

GOVERNMENT AND LAWS

CHAPTER XVII.

WARS

CHAPTER XVIII.

THE HEAVENS, AND THE HEAVENLY BODIES

CHAPTER XIX.

THE ORIGIN OF FIRE, AND OTHER STORIES

CHAPTER XX.

NAMES OF THE ISLANDS ILLUSTRATING MIGRATIONS, ETC.

CHAPTER XXI.

POLITICAL DIVISIONS AND PLACES OF NOTE ON UPOLU

CHAPTER XXII.

POLITICAL DIVISIONS AND PLACES OF NOTE ON SAVAII

CHAPTER I.

POSITION OF THE ISLANDS EARLY VISITORS AND TRADITIONARY ORIGIN.

Samoa is the native name of the group of volcanic islands in central Polynesia long known as the "Navigators Islands." They are situated about 3000 miles from Sydney, and stand on the charts between the parallels of 13° and 15° south latitude, and 168° and 173° west longitude. The mountains of Savaii, one of which is 4000 feet high, may be seen 50 miles off, and, on coming near, the stranger finds a lovely island, 150 miles in circumference, and covered with vegetation as far as the eye can reach. The mountains of Upolu and Tutuila rise 2000 and 3000 feet above the level of the sea, and present the same aspect of richness and fertility. These are the principal islands of the group. They run east and west. Upolu, 130 miles in circumference, is in the middle, having Savaii 10 miles to the west; and Tutuila, an island 80 miles in circumference, about 40 miles to the east. There are several smaller islands which are inhabited, and several other isolated romantic spots here and there which are not inhabited.

Upolu is almost entirely surrounded by barrier reefs; these wonderful submarine walls, or breakwaters, built up to the level of the sea and forming a fine smooth lagoon, invaluable for fishing and facilitating all kinds of communication between the settlements along the coast. The distance between the shore and the reef is from thirty feet to three or four miles. In some places the lagoons are shallow, and require the rise of the tide to allow a canoe or boat to pass along; in other places, and particularly where there are openings in the reef, they are from ten to twenty fathoms deep, and afford anchorage to ships. The rivers are neither numerous nor large, but there is no lack of fresh water; it springs up in abundance in many parts in the interior and along the coast.

The Dutch "three ship expedition," under Roggewein, in 1722, seems to have been the first to notice these islands. Then followed the French navigators, Bougainville and La Perouse, the former in 1768 and the latter in 1787. Bougainville, seeing the natives move about so much in canoes, gave the group the name of the "Isles of the Navigators." Captain Cook heard of them in 1773 from the Tongans, noted some of their names, and in 1791 they were visited by H... Continue reading book >>




eBook Downloads
ePUB eBook
• iBooks for iPhone and iPad
• Nook
• Sony Reader
Kindle eBook
• Mobi file format for Kindle
Read eBook
• Load eBook in browser
Text File eBook
• Computers
• Windows
• Mac

Review this book



Popular Genres
More Genres
Languages
Paid Books