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A Short History of Pittsburgh 1758-1908   By:

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A SHORT HISTORY OF PITTSBURGH 1758 1908

[Illustration: George Washington, the first Pittsburgher]

A SHORT HISTORY OF PITTSBURGH 1758 1908

BY SAMUEL HARDEN CHURCH

AUTHOR OF "OLIVER CROMWELL: A HISTORY," "PENRUDDOCK OF THE WHITE LAMBS," "JOHN MARMADUKE," "BEOWULF: A POEM," ETC.

PRINTED AT THE DE VINNE PRESS NEW YORK 1908

Copyright, 1908, by SAMUEL HARDEN CHURCH

CONTENTS

PAGE HISTORICAL 13

INDUSTRIAL 79

INTELLECTUAL 89

INDEX 127

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

George Washington, the first Pittsburgher Frontispiece PAGE William Pitt, Earl of Chatham 26

Plan of Fort Pitt 31

Henry Bouquet 32

Block House of Fort Pitt. Built in 1764 33

Anthony Wayne 41

Conestoga wagon 44

Stage coach 46

Over the mountains in 1839; canal boat being hauled over the portage road 47

View of Old Pittsburgh, 1817 50

Pittsburgh, showing the junction of the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers 80

The Pittsburgh Country Club 88

Panther Hollow Bridge, Schenley Park 93

Entrance to Highland Park 97

The Carnegie Institute 101

Court house 104

Zo├Âlogical Garden in Highland Park 107

Carnegie Technical Schools (uncompleted) 111

Margaret Morrison Carnegie School for Women 115

Design of University of Pittsburgh 119

Allegheny Observatory, University of Pittsburgh 123

Phipps Conservatory, Schenley Park 125

PREFACE

Some ten years ago I contributed to a book on "Historic Towns," published by G. P. Putnam's Sons, of New York and London, a brief historical sketch of Pittsburgh. The approach of the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the founding of Pittsburgh, and the elaborate celebrations planned in connection therewith, led to many requests that I would reprint the sketch in its own covers as a souvenir of the occasion. Finding it quite inadequate for permanent preservation in its original form, I have, after much research and painstaking labor, rewritten the entire work, adding many new materials, and making of it what I believe to be a complete, though a short, history of our city. The story has developed itself into three natural divisions: historical, industrial, and intellectual, and the record will show that under either one of these titles Pittsburgh is a notable, and under all of them, an imperial, city.

S. H. C.

Lake Placid Club, Adirondack Mountains, August 25, 1908.

A SHORT HISTORY OF PITTSBURGH 1758 1908

A SHORT HISTORY OF PITTSBURGH

HISTORICAL

I

George Washington, the Father of his Country, is equally the Father of Pittsburgh, for he came thither in November, 1753, and established the location of the now imperial city by choosing it as the best place for a fort. Washington was then twenty one years old. He had by that time written his precocious one hundred and ten maxims of civility and good behavior; had declined to be a midshipman in the British navy; had made his only sea voyage to Barbados; had surveyed the estates of Lord Fairfax, going for months into the forest without fear of savage Indians or wild beasts; and was now a major of Virginia militia... Continue reading book >>




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