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Socialism A Summary and Interpretation of Socialist Principles   By: (1876-1966)

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THE MACMILLAN COMPANY NEW YORK · BOSTON · CHICAGO DALLAS · SAN FRANCISCO

MACMILLAN & CO., LIMITED LONDON · BOMBAY · CALCUTTA MELBOURNE

THE MACMILLAN CO. OF CANADA, LTD. TORONTO

SOCIALISM

A SUMMARY AND INTERPRETATION OF SOCIALIST PRINCIPLES

BY

JOHN SPARGO

AUTHOR OF "THE BITTER CRY OF THE CHILDREN," "THE COMMON SENSE OF THE MILE QUESTION," "CAPITALIST AND LABORER," "THE SOCIALISTS, WHO THEY ARE AND WHAT THEY STAND FOR," "THE SPIRITUAL SIGNIFICANCE OF MODERN SOCIALISM," ETC., ETC.

NEW AND REVISED EDITION

New York THE MACMILLAN COMPANY 1913

All rights reserved

COPYRIGHT 1906, 1909, BY THE MACMILLAN COMPANY.

Set up and electrotyped. Published June, 1906. Reprinted November, 1906; December 1908.

New and revised edition, February, 1909; January, 1910; May 1912; March, 1913.

Norwood Press J. S. Cushing Co. Berwick & Smith Co. Norwood, Mass., U.S.A.

To

ROBERT HUNTER

WITH ADMIRATION AND AFFECTION

PREFACE TO SECOND EDITION

A new edition of this little volume having been rendered necessary, I have availed myself of the opportunity thus afforded me by the publishers to revise it. Some slight revision was necessary to correct one or two errors which crept unavoidably into the earlier edition. By an oversight, an important typographical blunder went uncorrected into the former edition, making the date of the first use of the word "Socialism" 1835 instead of 1833. That error, I regret to say, has been subsequently copied into many important publications. Even more important were some errors in the biographical sketch of Marx, in Chapter III. These were not due to any carelessness upon the part of the present writer, but were reproduced from standard works, upon what seemed to be good authority that of his youngest daughter and his intimate friend, the late Wilhelm Liebknecht. It is now known with certainty that the father of Karl Marx embraced Christianity of his own free choice, and not in obedience to an official edict.

These and some other minor changes having to be made, I took the time to rewrite large parts of the volume, making such substantial changes in it as to constitute practically a new book. The chapter on Robert Owen has been recast and greater emphasis placed upon his American career and its influence; in Chapter IV the sketch of the Materialistic Conception of History has been enlarged somewhat, special attention being given to the bearing of the theory upon religion. All the rest of the book has been changed, partly to meet the requirements of many students and others who have written to me in reference to various points of difficulty, and partly also to state some of my own ideas more successfully. I venture to hope that the brief chapter on "Means of Realization," which has been added to the book by way of postscript, will, in spite of its brevity, and the fact that it was not written for inclusion in this volume, prove helpful to some who read the book.

The thanks of the writer are due to all those friends Socialists and others whose kindly efforts made the earlier edition of the book a success.

YONKERS, N.Y., December, 1908.

CONTENTS

PAGE PREFACE vii

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

Changed attitude of the public mind toward Socialism Growth of the movement responsible for the change Unanimity of friends and foes concerning the future triumph of Socialism Herbert Spencer's pessimistic belief Study of Socialism a civic duty Nobility of the word "Socialism" Its first use Confusion arising from its indiscriminate use "Socialism" and "Communism" in the Communist Manifesto Unfair tactics of opponents Engels on the significance of the word in 1847 Its present significance 1

CHAPTER II

ROBERT... Continue reading book >>




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