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Soft Candy for Bees   By: (1881-1972)

Soft Candy for Bees by Dr. Burton N. Gates

First Page:

Transcriber's notes: The scans on which this e book was based have been generously made available by the Internet Archive. The original text has been preserved for this e book, including (minor) inconsistencies (for example, right hand v. right hand). The footnote has been moved to directly underneath the section it refers to. Transcription used in this e text: italics in the original are presented here between underscores, as in text ; small capitals in the original document are presented here as ALL CAPITALS.

Apiary Inspection.

Bulletin No. 7A.

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

STATE BOARD OF AGRICULTURE.

SOFT CANDY FOR BEES.

BY DR. BURTON N. GATES.

FROM THE SIXTY FIRST ANNUAL REPORT OF THE STATE BOARD OF AGRICULTURE.

[Illustration]

BOSTON:

WRIGHT & POTTER PRINTING CO., STATE PRINTERS,

32 DERNE STREET.

1914.

APPROVED BY

THE STATE BOARD OF PUBLICATION.

SOFT CANDY FOR BEES.

THE SO CALLED "FULLER CANDY" FOR QUEEN CAGES, TRANSPORTATION OF COMBLESS COLONIES, STIMULATIVE AND GENERAL FEEDING.

The well informed beekeeper has learned that it is unwise and hazardous to feed under any circumstances honey in any form, even though it be from his own apiary. There have been many sad and general infections with bee diseases by such unguarded feeding. Thus it has become almost an axiom, "Feed no honey." Consequently, substitutes have necessarily been adopted and among these are sugar syrups of various dilutions and compositions; "hard candy," which is virtually a taffy; and recently, the so called "Fuller candy," which is a soft fondant, not dissimilar to the fondant of chocolate creams.

For several years Mr. Fuller of Blackstone, Mass., as well as others, has been experimenting with this modified English candy, which should not harden beyond usefulness. Beekeepers of Massachusetts and elsewhere about the country have found it advantageous to use this as a substitute for honey or syrup. So numerous are the inquiries and satisfactory the results, that it seems desirable to prepare information in printed form.

The soft candy has numerous advantages and possibilities. It is found to be a most satisfactory stimulative feed; a food for bees in transit, either full colonies on combs, in combless packages, or for queens in mailing cages. It is also found satisfactory and advantageous as winter stores. Colonies have been observed to leave natural stores for the candy. This has occurred in colonies out of doors or in the cellar during winter, as well as with colonies which are flying. Some of the advantages of the candy are the ease with which it is handled or supplied; the fact that it may be made up in quantities and stored until needed for use; its failure to excite robbing; the ability to provision colonies with known amounts or weights; and its freedom from bee disease infection. It is furthermore found to be economical, there being no waste by evaporation or spilling, as is the case with liquid feeds. It is proving exceedingly practical in all feeding purposes and methods.

The candy may be made in any degree of hardness or softness, according to the preference of the individual or the needs of the season. As is inferred above, it may be made and stored for months and even years if properly handled... Continue reading book >>




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