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Sounding the Ocean of Air   By:

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First Page:

THE ROMANCE OF SCIENCE.

SOUNDING THE OCEAN OF AIR

BEING SIX LECTURES

DELIVERED BEFORE THE LOWELL INSTITUTE OF BOSTON IN DECEMBER 1898

BY A. LAWRENCE ROTCH, S.B., A.M.,

DIRECTOR OF THE BLUE HILL METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATORY, MASSACHUSETTS, U.S.A., AND MEMBER OF THE INTERNATIONAL CLOUD AND AERONAUTICAL COMMITTEES.

PUBLISHED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE GENERAL LITERATURE COMMITTEE.

LONDON: SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE, NORTHUMBERLAND AVENUE, W.C.; 43, QUEEN VICTORIA STREET, E.C.

BRIGHTON: 129, NORTH STREET.

NEW YORK: E. & J. B. YOUNG & CO.

1900

This little Book is gratefully Dedicated

TO

The late AUGUSTUS LOWELL, Esq.

OF

BOSTON, U.S.A.

WHO, AS TRUSTEE OF THE LOWELL INSTITUTE, ENABLED SCIENTIFIC MEN OF TWO CONTINENTS TO PRESENT THE RESULTS OF THEIR INVESTIGATIONS TO THE PUBLIC

CORRIGENDA

Page 50, line 11, for "isolation" read "insolation."

Page 59, line 21, before "direction" insert "opposite."

Page 112, line 2; page 115, lines 2 and 15, and Index, pages 175 and 183, for "Viollé" read "Violle."

Page 112, line 23; page 113, line 6, and Index, page 181, for "Muntz" read "Müntz."

Page 123, last line, for "1889" read "1891."

Index, page 177, for "Cotte (T.)" read "Cotte (L.)."

Index, page 179, after "Hann (J.), 36," add "173."

Index, page 179, for "Hellman (G.)" read "Hellmann (G.)."

Index, page 181, after "Langley (S. P.)" insert "28."

[Transcriber's Note: These corrections have been applied to the current version]

CONTENTS

CHAP. PAGE

I. THE ATMOSPHERE ANCIENT AND MODERN KNOWLEDGE METHODS OF INVESTIGATION 9

II. CLOUDS FORMATION AND CLASSIFICATION MEASUREMENTS AT BLUE HILL THE INTERNATIONAL OBSERVATIONS 38

III. BALLOONS NOTABLE ASCENTS AND RESULTS OBTAINED CAPTIVE BALLOONS 68

IV. BALLONS SONDES FOR GREAT ALTITUDES THE INTERNATIONAL ASCENTS 98

V. KITES HISTORY AND APPLICATION TO METEOROLOGICAL PURPOSES AT BLUE HILL AND ELSEWHERE 117

VI. RESULTS OF THE KITE FLIGHTS AT BLUE HILL FUTURE WORK 145

INDEX 175

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

PAGE

PLATE I. Comparative Altitudes 22

PLATE II. Optical Phenomena showing the Height of the Atmosphere 26

PLATE III. Temperature at different Latitudes and Altitudes 31

FIG. 1. Nephoscope at Blue Hill Observatory. 52

FIG. 2. Cloud Theodolite at Blue Hill Observatory 54

PLATE IV. Heights and Velocities of Clouds 57

PLATE V. Atmospheric Circulation at different Heights in Cyclones and Anti cyclones 61

FIG. 3. German Balloon equipped for Meteorological Observations 87

PLATE VI... Continue reading book >>




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