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The Story of Troy   By: (1844?-1916)

Book cover

First Page:

[Illustration: HEAD OF HOMER.

British Museum. ]

ECLECTIC SCHOOL READINGS

THE STORY OF TROY

BY

M. CLARKE

NEW YORK CINCINNATI CHICAGO AMERICAN BOOK COMPANY

COPYRIGHT, 1897, BY AMERICAN BOOK COMPANY

CONTENTS.

PAGE INTRODUCTION HOMER, THE FATHER OF POETRY 7

THE GODS AND GODDESSES 11

I. TROY BEFORE THE SIEGE 19

II. THE JUDGMENT OF PARIS 33

III. THE LEAGUE AGAINST TROY 46

IV. BEGINNING OF THE WAR 63

V. THE WRATH OF ACHILLES 76

VI. THE DREAM OF AGAMEMNON 92

VII. THE COMBAT BETWEEN MENELAUS AND PARIS 109

VIII. THE FIRST GREAT BATTLE 124

IX. THE SECOND BATTLE EXPLOIT OF DIOMEDE AND ULYSSES 149

X. THE BATTLE AT THE SHIPS DEATH OF PATROCLUS 166

XI. END OF THE WRATH OF ACHILLES DEATH OF HECTOR 193

XII. DEATH OF ACHILLES FALL AND DESTRUCTION OF TROY 220

XIII. THE GREEK CHIEFS AFTER THE WAR 240

INTRODUCTION.

I. HOMER, THE FATHER OF POETRY.

In this book we are to tell the story of Troy, and particularly of the famous siege which ended in the total destruction of that renowned city. It is a story of brave warriors and heroes of 3000 years ago, about whose exploits the greatest poets and historians of ancient times have written. Some of the wonderful events of the memorable siege are related in a celebrated poem called the Ilʹi ad, written in the Greek language. The author of this poem was Hoʹmer, who was the author of another great poem, the Odʹys sey, which tells of the voyages and adventures of the Greek hero, U lysʹses, after the taking of Troy.

Homer has been called the Father of Poetry, because he was the first and greatest of poets. He lived so long ago that very little is known about him. We do not even know for a certainty when or where he was born. It is believed, however, that he lived in the ninth century before Christ, and that his native place was Smyrʹna, in Asia Minor. But long after his death several other cities claimed the honor of being his birthplace.

Seven Grecian cities vied for Homer dead, Through which the living Homer begged his bread.

LEONIDAS.

It is perhaps not true that Homer was so poor as to be obliged to beg for his bread; but it is probable that he earned his living by traveling from city to city through many parts of Greece and Asia Minor, reciting his poems in the palaces of princes, and at public assemblies. This was one of the customs of ancient times, when the art of writing was either not known, or very little practiced. The poets, or bards, of those days committed their compositions to memory, and repeated them aloud at gatherings of the people, particularly at festivals and athletic games, of which the ancient Greeks were very fond. At those games prizes and rewards were given to the bards as well as to the athletes.

It is said that in the latter part of his life the great poet became blind, and that this was why he received the name of Homer, which signified a blind person. The name first given to him, we are told, was Mel e sigʹe nes, from the river Meʹles, a small stream on the banks of which his native city of Smyrna was situated.

So little being known of Homer's life, there has been much difference of opinion about him among learned men. Many have believed that Homer never existed. Others have thought that the Iliad and Odyssey were composed not by one author, but by several... Continue reading book >>




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